At the turn of the century, there were Catholics sufficiently ahead of their time to brave the anathemas of Rome in support of what came to be called the modernist heresy."" such men were Alfred Loisy, a French-man; George Tyrrell, an Englishman; and William L. Sullivan, an obscure American. Their heresy was, in effect, that they believed the Church should be relevant to the world; that is, they placed strong emphasis upon such human values as freedom of conscience, religious liberty, etc. very values which Vatican II, three-quarters of century later, was at such pains to canonize. Like most heretics, these three men were separated from orthodoxy only by a matter of time. The purpose of this book is to examine, through their writings, the beliefs of these men with a view particularly toward gaining an understanding of the present intellectual ferment in Christianity, for the problems with which these men came to grips, however prematurely, are those with which orthodox theologians are struggling today. Although Three Modernists is scholarly in presentation and scope, it is sufficiently lively to be of interest to the layman with concern for the evolution of religious thought and sufficiently authoritative to be of value to the scholar and the student.