A sometimes-daunting but essential addition to the discussion of inequality and its remedies.




A searching examination of the decline of democratic ideals in the face of inequality—racial, political, and economic.

“Rising income inequality and slow economic growth have been two of the most striking patterns in rich countries during the last 35 years,” writes Rothwell, the principal economist at Gallup. None of the conventional talking-point explanations, from overpaid pop stars to uncontrolled mass migration or unfair trade practices, accounts for this inequality. Instead, writes the author, the explanation lies in the growing inefficiency of societies in which elites have reserved unto themselves more and more of the pie, including most of the available public services, from education to housing. Combing through data with Pikettian single-mindedness, Rothwell examines the rise of this inequality and the correlated decline in confidence in democratic habits, a decline that has made the world safe for nationalist authoritarianism. The author resists easy characterization: Some of his prescriptions are openly liberal, such as the demand for equal access to social goods such as public education and health care, while others are more qualified, such as his view that mass migration must be regulated “so as to protect native citizens from wild distortions in the labor market.” A perhaps unexpected but intriguing component of Rothwell’s argument is the reform of zoning laws that have effectively destroyed the ability of lower income earners to own homes, a social good of another kind that would “enhance the cognitive ability and lower the crime rate of groups that live in highly segregated high poverty communities." Studded with tables and laced with numbers, the text is dense. It is also striking on many counts, including its fluency in several branches of the social sciences beyond economics. Rothwell has something to say about the allure of both Bono and Beyoncé, the failure of libertarianism, the question of intelligence as a predictor of success (“self-discipline, enthusiasm, and the ability to avoid getting anxious and upset in the face of stress matter about as much”). There’s something to ponder on every page.

A sometimes-daunting but essential addition to the discussion of inequality and its remedies.

Pub Date: Nov. 5, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-691-18376-3

Page Count: 384

Publisher: Princeton Univ.

Review Posted Online: July 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Aug. 15, 2019

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Not an easy read but an essential one.

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Title notwithstanding, this latest from the National Book Award–winning author is no guidebook to getting woke.

In fact, the word “woke” appears nowhere within its pages. Rather, it is a combination memoir and extension of Atlantic columnist Kendi’s towering Stamped From the Beginning (2016) that leads readers through a taxonomy of racist thought to anti-racist action. Never wavering from the thesis introduced in his previous book, that “racism is a powerful collection of racist policies that lead to racial inequity and are substantiated by racist ideas,” the author posits a seemingly simple binary: “Antiracism is a powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are substantiated by antiracist ideas.” The author, founding director of American University’s Antiracist Research and Policy Center, chronicles how he grew from a childhood steeped in black liberation Christianity to his doctoral studies, identifying and dispelling the layers of racist thought under which he had operated. “Internalized racism,” he writes, “is the real Black on Black Crime.” Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth, all the way to the intersectional constructs of gender racism and queer racism (the only section of the book that feels rushed). Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). The author then reframes those received ideas with inexorable logic: “Either racist policy or Black inferiority explains why White people are wealthier, healthier, and more powerful than Black people today.” If Kendi is justifiably hard on America, he’s just as hard on himself. When he began college, “anti-Black racist ideas covered my freshman eyes like my orange contacts.” This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory.

Not an easy read but an essential one.

Pub Date: Aug. 13, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-50928-8

Page Count: 320

Publisher: One World/Random House

Review Posted Online: April 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2019

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A clear and candid contribution to an essential conversation.


Straight talk to blacks and whites about the realities of racism.

In her feisty debut book, Oluo, essayist, blogger, and editor at large at the Establishment magazine, writes from the perspective of a black, queer, middle-class, college-educated woman living in a “white supremacist country.” The daughter of a white single mother, brought up in largely white Seattle, she sees race as “one of the most defining forces” in her life. Throughout the book, Oluo responds to questions that she has often been asked, and others that she wishes were asked, about racism “in our workplace, our government, our homes, and ourselves.” “Is it really about race?” she is asked by whites who insist that class is a greater source of oppression. “Is police brutality really about race?” “What is cultural appropriation?” and “What is the model minority myth?” Her sharp, no-nonsense answers include talking points for both blacks and whites. She explains, for example, “when somebody asks you to ‘check your privilege’ they are asking you to pause and consider how the advantages you’ve had in life are contributing to your opinions and actions, and how the lack of disadvantages in certain areas is keeping you from fully understanding the struggles others are facing.” She unpacks the complicated term “intersectionality”: the idea that social justice must consider “a myriad of identities—our gender, class, race, sexuality, and so much more—that inform our experiences in life.” She asks whites to realize that when people of color talk about systemic racism, “they are opening up all of that pain and fear and anger to you” and are asking that they be heard. After devoting most of the book to talking, Oluo finishes with a chapter on action and its urgency. Action includes pressing for reform in schools, unions, and local governments; boycotting businesses that exploit people of color; contributing money to social justice organizations; and, most of all, voting for candidates who make “diversity, inclusion and racial justice a priority.”

A clear and candid contribution to an essential conversation.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2018

ISBN: 978-1-58005-677-9

Page Count: 256

Publisher: Seal Press

Review Posted Online: Oct. 9, 2017

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Nov. 1, 2017

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