Outstanding archaeological discoveries are described from the vantage point of their significance to history in this scholarly but workaday tract. The high spirit or adventure is noticeably absent as the author discusses Boussard's discovery of the Rosetta Stone, Petrie's work in the Valley of the Nile, Rich's exploration of Mesopotamia, Rawlinson's work in Persia, Catherwoods' investigations of the Mayan civilization, Schliemann's diggings at Mycenae and Tiryns, the gradual uncovering of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the emergence of the lost cities along the Indus River. In the process, archaeology is seen as it changes from a romance to a science, as radio carbon dating replaces the educated guess. Areas of current interest in the field bring the study to its conclusion. A more personal interest in the actual stories of these courageous, curious ""detectives"" might have redeemed a knowledgeable survey from the musty trappings of the straight academic.