An intermittently insightful but marginal addition to the literature on the immigration crisis.

NO OPTION BUT NORTH

THE MIGRANT WORLD AND THE PERILOUS PATH ACROSS THE BORDER

An earnest advocacy piece concerning the immigration crisis at the southern border.

Why do migrants travel north from Central America and Mexico to the U.S.? For many reasons, writes Freeman, a former Fulbright fellow in Mexico. Some have to do with economics, with migrants seeking better opportunities in the richer country instead of the $5.45 daily minimum wage in Mexico or the $0.37 in El Salvador. Many are forced to flee from gangs, drug cartels, and sex traffickers, groups that implicate everyone in a community, not just the foot soldiers. As the author notes, “these gangs run through the currents of everyday life, and efforts to avoid them are impossible.” Freeman is strong on sociological data and statistics. She also delivers meaningful portraits of migrants on the move from the vantage point of a shelter in central Mexico. In that business, no one’s hands are clean: One of the workers in that shelter, for example, is caught up in the human trafficking trade while many U.S. agents are nothing short of sadists, energized by Trumpian rhetoric. “If migration were actually a game,” writes Freeman in an apt passage, “it would be a life and death affair where ‘winning’ meant boarding a moving train without getting maimed, killed or assaulted. And the prize for winning would be to be sent home in handcuffs, only to have to play again and again.” Parts of the narrative are less graceful than all that, and too often the story is about the author and not the migrants. Her criticism of writers who have committed “the sort of immersion journalism that pretends that observing the migration phenomenon doesn’t affect it” is unfortunate given her too-frequent presence in the narrative as more than just narrator. For a clearer, more memorable portrait of “the twisted knot of migration,” readers should turn to Kathryn Ferguson’s The Haunting of the Mexican Border (2015) instead.

An intermittently insightful but marginal addition to the literature on the immigration crisis.

Pub Date: April 14, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-63246-097-4

Page Count: 280

Publisher: Ig Publishing

Review Posted Online: Jan. 21, 2020

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 15, 2020

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A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular...

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WHEN BREATH BECOMES AIR

A neurosurgeon with a passion for literature tragically finds his perfect subject after his diagnosis of terminal lung cancer.

Writing isn’t brain surgery, but it’s rare when someone adept at the latter is also so accomplished at the former. Searching for meaning and purpose in his life, Kalanithi pursued a doctorate in literature and had felt certain that he wouldn’t enter the field of medicine, in which his father and other members of his family excelled. “But I couldn’t let go of the question,” he writes, after realizing that his goals “didn’t quite fit in an English department.” “Where did biology, morality, literature and philosophy intersect?” So he decided to set aside his doctoral dissertation and belatedly prepare for medical school, which “would allow me a chance to find answers that are not in books, to find a different sort of sublime, to forge relationships with the suffering, and to keep following the question of what makes human life meaningful, even in the face of death and decay.” The author’s empathy undoubtedly made him an exceptional doctor, and the precision of his prose—as well as the moral purpose underscoring it—suggests that he could have written a good book on any subject he chose. Part of what makes this book so essential is the fact that it was written under a death sentence following the diagnosis that upended his life, just as he was preparing to end his residency and attract offers at the top of his profession. Kalanithi learned he might have 10 years to live or perhaps five. Should he return to neurosurgery (he could and did), or should he write (he also did)? Should he and his wife have a baby? They did, eight months before he died, which was less than two years after the original diagnosis. “The fact of death is unsettling,” he understates. “Yet there is no other way to live.”

A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular clarity.

Pub Date: Jan. 19, 2016

ISBN: 978-0-8129-8840-6

Page Count: 248

Publisher: Random House

Review Posted Online: Sept. 30, 2015

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 15, 2015

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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

GOOD ECONOMICS FOR HARD TIMES

“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 29, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

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