The authors have assembled a stimulating introduction to anthropology and sociology by presenting a study of nine men and one woman who have contributed mightily to our knowledge of the human condition. Each unit presents a brief biography, a record of each scientist's accomplishments, an analysis of his major contributions, and finally a discussion of the effect of his innovations on his contemporaries and their durability in relation to modern trends. Beginning with Charles Darwin, and closing with Freud, the others represented are Herbert Spencer; Tylor- founder of modern anthropology; Sir James Frazer of The Golden Bough. Durkheim, the French sociologist; Franz Boas; Bronislaw Malinowsky, the most controversial; Kroeber, the dean of American anthropologists, and the lone woman- Ruth Benedict, who used the psychological approach in her field work. In the theoretical discussion of Freud's influence on the study of culture there is a plea for psychodynamics as a tool in the study of social adaptation. Our times are crucial- state the authors-""Minimum conditions of survival are even in doubt"". The book is a well-planned intelligent sampling and survey, and should be an inspiration to further study for the lay reader.