It is alleged that the War on Poverty traces its genesis to a book review in the New Yorker written by Dwight MacDonald covering Michael Harrington's Other America. This review so affected the late President Kennedy that he began to draw up plans and prepare a task force which would be responsible for the necessary legislation. Since then the ""literature of poverty"" has grown with the same rapidity as the program and unfortunately with much the same unevenness. The latter applies to this collection of papers delivered at the Institute for Appalachian Studies in the spring of 1965. Some are quite good, others are mediocre at best, and the better pieces suffer to some extent for the delay in reaching print. Poverty has moved from the repressed fact which Harrington observed to news, much of which dates very quickly. This symposium does cover many facets of the problem of poverty and the approaches which are now being used but it is primarily for those unfamiliar with what has been written or accomplished until now.