American skin, then, is eminently sheddable. Trendspotters will find Wynter’s study fascinating.




Nativists and know-nothings beware: northern European culture is on the decline in America, replaced by a friendly beige.

In the early days of the republic, writes sometime Wall Street Journal columnist Wynter, anyone who was assimilable culturally and ethnically into the nation’s Anglo-Protestant majority was considered, more or less automatically, “white,” with all the privileges appertaining thereunto; others were “presumed permanent outsiders with no legitimate role in the American economic or martial potential, much less the American cultural stock.” This disenfranchising supposition defied the “true transracial nature of America,” of course, and it has lost its power in recent years thanks to a number of cultural forces—not least of them mass music, mass advertising, mass marketing, and mass consumption, through which white culture has been thoroughly integrated to the point that stockbrokers greet each other with cries of “Whassup” and farm kids in North Dakota communicate in rap. Embattled whites who quest for a Leave It to Beaver homeland and who are now abandoning, say, Los Angeles for the woods of Idaho will find that they can run but not hide, Wynter observes; “the Old Majority, if it’s running from the combined presence of blacks, Asians, Hispanics, and others who are not counted as non-Hispanic whites, really has no place to go, except perhaps to a shrinking number of countries in Europe.” Provocative though it may be, Wynters’s grand thesis is less interesting than the data and anecdotes he assembles to support it, as is so often the case in books of pop sociology; of particular interest are his remarks on the inherently commercial nature of hip-hop culture and the cultural assumptions of the “Echo Boomers,” the young people of today, who are now more numerous than the Baby Boomers and who are driving the present culture; for this generation, Wynter writes, race as such has no meaning, and instead “identity is rooted in cultures that can be freely traded in the marketplace, not imposed by race or ethnicity at birth.”

American skin, then, is eminently sheddable. Trendspotters will find Wynter’s study fascinating.

Pub Date: June 1, 2001

ISBN: 0-609-60489-9

Page Count: 288

Publisher: Crown

Review Posted Online: June 24, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: March 15, 2002

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Not an easy read but an essential one.

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Title notwithstanding, this latest from the National Book Award–winning author is no guidebook to getting woke.

In fact, the word “woke” appears nowhere within its pages. Rather, it is a combination memoir and extension of Atlantic columnist Kendi’s towering Stamped From the Beginning (2016) that leads readers through a taxonomy of racist thought to anti-racist action. Never wavering from the thesis introduced in his previous book, that “racism is a powerful collection of racist policies that lead to racial inequity and are substantiated by racist ideas,” the author posits a seemingly simple binary: “Antiracism is a powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are substantiated by antiracist ideas.” The author, founding director of American University’s Antiracist Research and Policy Center, chronicles how he grew from a childhood steeped in black liberation Christianity to his doctoral studies, identifying and dispelling the layers of racist thought under which he had operated. “Internalized racism,” he writes, “is the real Black on Black Crime.” Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth, all the way to the intersectional constructs of gender racism and queer racism (the only section of the book that feels rushed). Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). The author then reframes those received ideas with inexorable logic: “Either racist policy or Black inferiority explains why White people are wealthier, healthier, and more powerful than Black people today.” If Kendi is justifiably hard on America, he’s just as hard on himself. When he began college, “anti-Black racist ideas covered my freshman eyes like my orange contacts.” This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory.

Not an easy read but an essential one.

Pub Date: Aug. 13, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-50928-8

Page Count: 320

Publisher: One World/Random House

Review Posted Online: April 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2019

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A clear and candid contribution to an essential conversation.


Straight talk to blacks and whites about the realities of racism.

In her feisty debut book, Oluo, essayist, blogger, and editor at large at the Establishment magazine, writes from the perspective of a black, queer, middle-class, college-educated woman living in a “white supremacist country.” The daughter of a white single mother, brought up in largely white Seattle, she sees race as “one of the most defining forces” in her life. Throughout the book, Oluo responds to questions that she has often been asked, and others that she wishes were asked, about racism “in our workplace, our government, our homes, and ourselves.” “Is it really about race?” she is asked by whites who insist that class is a greater source of oppression. “Is police brutality really about race?” “What is cultural appropriation?” and “What is the model minority myth?” Her sharp, no-nonsense answers include talking points for both blacks and whites. She explains, for example, “when somebody asks you to ‘check your privilege’ they are asking you to pause and consider how the advantages you’ve had in life are contributing to your opinions and actions, and how the lack of disadvantages in certain areas is keeping you from fully understanding the struggles others are facing.” She unpacks the complicated term “intersectionality”: the idea that social justice must consider “a myriad of identities—our gender, class, race, sexuality, and so much more—that inform our experiences in life.” She asks whites to realize that when people of color talk about systemic racism, “they are opening up all of that pain and fear and anger to you” and are asking that they be heard. After devoting most of the book to talking, Oluo finishes with a chapter on action and its urgency. Action includes pressing for reform in schools, unions, and local governments; boycotting businesses that exploit people of color; contributing money to social justice organizations; and, most of all, voting for candidates who make “diversity, inclusion and racial justice a priority.”

A clear and candid contribution to an essential conversation.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2018

ISBN: 978-1-58005-677-9

Page Count: 256

Publisher: Seal Press

Review Posted Online: Oct. 9, 2017

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Nov. 1, 2017

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