The title is somewhat misleading; the sub-title comes closer to defining the substance of this scholarly study of contemporary sources on the early history of government in the new United States. When Washington became President he faced a vacuum; a new government had to be created. This records the miracle of that achievement, up to 1801, when the Federalists yielded place to the party headed by Jefferson. In those years a strong executive had been established, the relation of the Executive to the Legislative branch had taken form; Congress was beginning to feel its strength; the Cabinet had become something more than a consultive body; the functions of the different ministers were becoming defined; the relations and powers of federal and state were less at odds; the checks and balances were meaning something tangible; law enforcement had been tested with the whiskey rebellion. An administrative system had come into being. For scholars chiefly.