THE RED SHIRT

A slender first novel that, in a series of short, impressionistic chapters, tells a disturbing tale of a young woman's love and hate for her frequently abusive father. Abandoned at the age of one by her mother Patience, who goes back to New York (working the streets there is the only way she could forget her passion for her brother Octavio), young Hannah keeps house for her father Jackson, an unsuccessful folk-singer. The two live on the shores of the Hudson River, where they raise goats to supplement the money Jackson earns by working in factories by day and singing in small, run-down clubs by night. While a senior in high school, Hannah has suddenly stopped speaking. She has forgotten the cause and can think only ``that it had been, perhaps, nothing more than the slow, sad welling up of pain.'' Deciding to ``speak and then she was going to leave,'' she confronts Jackson, whom she does not blame, though she hates him. Jackson for the first time tells Hannah about her mother, but when Hannah learns that Jackson is dying, she decides to stay on and, together with a young musician whom Jackson has befriended, nurse him. Jackson's death is the necessary catharsis, and wearing her father's red shirt Hannah retreats inside a closet. In the hospital, a doctor finally persuades her to remove the red shirt. What's revealed goes some way to explain Hannah. ``This is the beginning of sanity,'' the doctor suggests, and Hannah soon agrees. Now she ``was at the very beginning.'' Strong writing and vividly evoked scenes are undercut by a somewhat episodic structure and by characters who seem more vehicles for ideas than independent entities. Still, an interesting debut—and a writer to watch.

Pub Date: Sept. 30, 1991

ISBN: 0-671-74259-0

Page Count: 108

Publisher: Delphinium

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Aug. 1, 1991

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ONE DAY IN THE LIFE OF IVAN DENISOVICH

While a few weeks ago it seemed as if Praeger would have a two month lead over Dutton in their presentation of this Soviet best seller, both the "authorized" edition (Dutton's) and the "unauthorized" (Praeger's) will appear almost simultaneously. There has been considerable advance attention on what appears to be as much of a publishing cause celebre here as the original appearance of the book in Russia. Without entering into the scrimmage, or dismissing it as a plague on both your houses, we will limit ourselves to a few facts. Royalties from the "unauthorized" edition will go to the International Rescue Committee; Dutton with their contracted edition is adhering to copyright conventions. The Praeger edition has two translators and one of them is the translator of Doctor Zhivago Dutton's translator, Ralph Parker, has been stigmatized by Praeger as "an apologist for the Soviet regime". To the untutored eye, the Dutton translation seems a little more literary, the Praeger perhaps closer to the rather primitive style of the original. The book itself is an account of one day in the three thousand six hundred and fifty three days of the sentence to be served by a carpenter, Ivan Denisovich Shukhov. (Solzhenitsyn was a political prisoner.) From the unrelenting cold without, to the conditions within, from the bathhouse to the latrine to the cells where survival for more than two weeks is impossible, this records the hopeless facts of existence as faced by thousands who went on "living like this, with your eyes on the ground". The Dutton edition has an excellent introduction providing an orientation on the political background to its appearance in Russia by Marvin Kalb. All involved in its publication (translators, introducers, etc.) claim for it great "artistic" values which we cannot share, although there is no question of its importance as a political and human document and as significant and tangible evidence of the de-Stalinization program.

Pub Date: June 15, 1963

ISBN: 0451228146

Page Count: 181

Publisher: Praeger

Review Posted Online: Oct. 5, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: June 15, 1963

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The phrase “tour de force” could have been invented for this audacious novel.

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A LITTLE LIFE

Four men who meet as college roommates move to New York and spend the next three decades gaining renown in their professions—as an architect, painter, actor and lawyer—and struggling with demons in their intertwined personal lives.

Yanagihara (The People in the Trees, 2013) takes the still-bold leap of writing about characters who don’t share her background; in addition to being male, JB is African-American, Malcolm has a black father and white mother, Willem is white, and “Jude’s race was undetermined”—deserted at birth, he was raised in a monastery and had an unspeakably traumatic childhood that’s revealed slowly over the course of the book. Two of them are gay, one straight and one bisexual. There isn’t a single significant female character, and for a long novel, there isn’t much plot. There aren’t even many markers of what’s happening in the outside world; Jude moves to a loft in SoHo as a young man, but we don’t see the neighborhood change from gritty artists’ enclave to glitzy tourist destination. What we get instead is an intensely interior look at the friends’ psyches and relationships, and it’s utterly enthralling. The four men think about work and creativity and success and failure; they cook for each other, compete with each other and jostle for each other’s affection. JB bases his entire artistic career on painting portraits of his friends, while Malcolm takes care of them by designing their apartments and houses. When Jude, as an adult, is adopted by his favorite Harvard law professor, his friends join him for Thanksgiving in Cambridge every year. And when Willem becomes a movie star, they all bask in his glow. Eventually, the tone darkens and the story narrows to focus on Jude as the pain of his past cuts deep into his carefully constructed life.  

The phrase “tour de force” could have been invented for this audacious novel.

Pub Date: March 10, 2015

ISBN: 978-0-385-53925-8

Page Count: 720

Publisher: Doubleday

Review Posted Online: Dec. 22, 2014

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 2015

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