Physicist Szymanski makes an argument for a fixed universe in this debut work of scientific theory.
The Standard Cosmological Model, or Big Bang model, is currently the most widely accepted theory of how the universe is structured. Szymanski, however, argues for a different one, based on the idea that the universe is infinite in time and space and therefore not expanding as the Big Bang model suggests. He achieves this conclusion by arguing that the underlying theories and mathematical laws that inform our current model of the universe are flawed, as they’re human inventions that exist only in the mind. The fundamental laws of nature, he maintains, are simple and nonmathematical; he asserts that they support the notion of the Perfect Cosmological Principle, which holds that “the universe is homogeneous and isotropic on a large space scale and on a large time scale, which implies that the universe is infinite in time and nonevolving.” Disavowing observational methods in favor of logical argument, Szymanski challenges the current understanding of the range of gravitational interactions, photon energy and speed, the distribution of galaxies, and many other areas of cosmology. The vision of the universe he puts forth is a fixed one that would have been familiar to philosophers and astronomers of previous generations, but which has since fallen out of favor. The book is dense, by Szymanski’s own admission: “I have attempted to design this book so that the cosmology of the infinite universe can be understood and appreciated by the curious non-specialist. That, however, does not mean that the book has become easy to read.” It includes a glossary of scientific terms for novices, but this is no work of popular science, and some background in cosmology is recommended. Even so, the author’s prose is clear and relatively easy to follow, so long as one is capable of keeping up with the highly complex concepts. Whether Szymanski’s alternative model proves to be accurate or not, the book provides an illustration of how human understanding of the universe continues to evolve.
A detailed argument for a steady-state model of the universe.