With the belief that ""the most important happening in American literature this year is the appearance of an entire new generation of writers"", this annual again makes a serious selection of the best among them. And once again a number of writers known only to the readers of the little magazines receive a wider recognition here. If there is no definite discernible trend in this vanguard of the post-war generation in literature, there are one or two general indications to be made; the preponderance of stories about children; the tendency to draw from rural, regional backgrounds, and the quality of pity, of sensitivity. Although it is not quite true, as editor Foley claims, that nearly all the authors in this volume have names that will be brand-new to the general reader, some will recognize among them Elizabeth Hardwick, Jessamyn West, Jean Stafford, Alfredo Segre, Ward Dorrance, and juvenile writers Jim Kjelgaard and Henry Gregor Felsen.... The market is a fairly predetermined one- followers and students of this medium.