This is a thorough and scholarly re-examination of the Old Testament literature with a view to reconstructing the development of religious ideas among the Israelites. The author is particularly interested in one aspect of Israel's religion, namely, the relation between the God of Israel and Israel. Beginning with the Song of Deborah and ending with the post- exilec literature of Deutero-Isaiah, Professor Buber analyses the successive prophetic writings with a view to determining what religious ideas lie behind the writing. The acceptance of the findings of Biblical criticism is presupposed, not argued. This is a book for students of the Old Testament and the history of religion, too technical for any but scholarly readers.