A French commentator analyzes his country, before and after the war -- in relation to it. The first part deals with ""The war they did not want"" -- that worst of all wars. The pacifism of the French -- engendered by their recollections of the last war; the refusal to face the German threat, from 1933 on; the shibboleth of the Maginot line; peace at all costs, a policy fostered by the offices of wealth, the embassies, the salons -- and not shared by the man in the street. The second part appraises the war which was never fought -- since French leaders decided to avoid all military risks, to allow England to bear the casualty toll, to hope that time would wear down Germany and Italy. And today, a country whose byword is that ""nothing is over"" -- confused, yet not beaten -- since there was no war to lose. An interesting, and well founded, interpretation of the collapse of France.