A good-faith, if not completely scientific, effort to reconcile the book of Genesis with the Big Bang theory.


A scientist compares the biblical account of Creation with mainstream scientific theories in this Christian work.

Strauss (Physics/Univ. of Oklahoma; co-editor: Dictionary of Christianity and Science, 2017) is both a Christian and a physicist, which many people find to be a surprising combination, he says. After all, aren’t the Big Bang and the biblical Creation narrative incompatible? The author used to think so, but he says that he has “come to realize that the big bang is one of the most powerful and convincing evidences for God’s existence.” The assumption among Christians that their faith and science are mutually exclusive is a troubling development, argues Strauss, who says that it can lead young Christians to either abandon their faith, once they get to college, or reject the important discoveries of science. In order to mitigate this rivalry, the author examines the ways in which the two worldviews overlap and inform each other. He looks at the reasons why scientists think what they think and why people should believe them; he then goes on to propose biblical theories that take scientific thought into account—questioning whether the word “day” in Genesis meant a literal 24-hour period, for instance, or whether there really was no death in the world before Adam’s sin. Throughout the book, Strauss’ tone is accessible and calming. At times, it even seems as though he’s afraid that he’ll scare readers away if he says the wrong thing: “Scientists like me are sometimes known for being stubborn and skeptical. My wife would most likely agree that this is true.” The book does fall short of fully accepting mainstream scientific consensus—the author doesn’t believe in natural evolution, for example—but there’s still much here that may give pause to science-skeptical Christians. Even if they’re not convinced by Strauss’ arguments, his effort to bridge this cultural chasm is an admirable one.

A good-faith, if not completely scientific, effort to reconcile the book of Genesis with the Big Bang theory.

Pub Date: June 21, 2018

ISBN: 978-1-973629-95-5

Page Count: 160

Publisher: Westbow Press

Review Posted Online: Oct. 11, 2018

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A very welcome instance of philosophy that can help readers live a good life.


A teacher and scholar of Buddhism offers a formally varied account of the available rewards of solitude.

“As Mother Ayahuasca takes me in her arms, I realize that last night I vomited up my attachment to Buddhism. In passing out, I died. In coming to, I was, so to speak, reborn. I no longer have to fight these battles, I repeat to myself. I am no longer a combatant in the dharma wars. It feels as if the course of my life has shifted onto another vector, like a train shunted off its familiar track onto a new trajectory.” Readers of Batchelor’s previous books (Secular Buddhism: Imagining the Dharma in an Uncertain World, 2017, etc.) will recognize in this passage the culmination of his decadeslong shift away from the religious commitments of Buddhism toward an ecumenical and homegrown philosophy of life. Writing in a variety of modes—memoir, history, collage, essay, biography, and meditation instruction—the author doesn’t argue for his approach to solitude as much as offer it for contemplation. Essentially, Batchelor implies that if you read what Buddha said here and what Montaigne said there, and if you consider something the author has noticed, and if you reflect on your own experience, you have the possibility to improve the quality of your life. For introspective readers, it’s easy to hear in this approach a direct response to Pascal’s claim that “all of humanity's problems stem from man's inability to sit quietly in a room alone.” Batchelor wants to relieve us of this inability by offering his example of how to do just that. “Solitude is an art. Mental training is needed to refine and stabilize it,” he writes. “When you practice solitude, you dedicate yourself to the care of the soul.” Whatever a soul is, the author goes a long way toward soothing it.

A very welcome instance of philosophy that can help readers live a good life.

Pub Date: Feb. 18, 2020

ISBN: 978-0-300-25093-0

Page Count: 200

Publisher: Yale Univ.

Review Posted Online: Nov. 25, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Dec. 15, 2019

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An erudite and artful, though frustratingly restrained, look at Old Testament stories.


The Book of Genesis as imagined by a veteran voice of underground comics.

R. Crumb’s pass at the opening chapters of the Bible isn’t nearly the act of heresy the comic artist’s reputation might suggest. In fact, the creator of Fritz the Cat and Mr. Natural is fastidiously respectful. Crumb took pains to preserve every word of Genesis—drawing from numerous source texts, but mainly Robert Alter’s translation, The Five Books of Moses (2004)—and he clearly did his homework on the clothing, shelter and landscapes that surrounded Noah, Abraham and Isaac. This dedication to faithful representation makes the book, as Crumb writes in his introduction, a “straight illustration job, with no intention to ridicule or make visual jokes.” But his efforts are in their own way irreverent, and Crumb feels no particular need to deify even the most divine characters. God Himself is not much taller than Adam and Eve, and instead of omnisciently imparting orders and judgment He stands beside them in Eden, speaking to them directly. Jacob wrestles not with an angel, as is so often depicted in paintings, but with a man who looks not much different from himself. The women are uniformly Crumbian, voluptuous Earth goddesses who are both sexualized and strong-willed. (The endnotes offer a close study of the kinds of power women wielded in Genesis.) The downside of fitting all the text in is that many pages are packed tight with small panels, and too rarely—as with the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah—does Crumb expand his lens and treat signature events dramatically. Even the Flood is fairly restrained, though the exodus of the animals from the Ark is beautifully detailed. The author’s respect for Genesis is admirable, but it may leave readers wishing he had taken a few more chances with his interpretation, as when he draws the serpent in the Garden of Eden as a provocative half-man/half-lizard. On the whole, though, the book is largely a tribute to Crumb’s immense talents as a draftsman and stubborn adherence to the script.

An erudite and artful, though frustratingly restrained, look at Old Testament stories.

Pub Date: Oct. 19, 2009

ISBN: 978-0-393-06102-4

Page Count: 224

Publisher: Norton

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2009

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