Probably the most demoralizing peace since President Wilson's, Pax Americana is again derided here in essays by twenty scholars who charge that American foreign policy has been a backward force in an age of incipient social, political, and economic change. Though each writer deals with his own specialty, the essays uniformly cite imperialism and obsessive (often paranoid) anti-Communism as the main components in a foreign policy which is doomed to failure. In his introduction, Arnold Toynbee sets the tone: ""America has taken on a far more formidable opponent than she had supposed. She is being opposed in Vietnam, not by 'world communism' but by the determination of the great non-Western majority of mankind to shake off Western domination at whatever the cost."" One by one, these historians, economists, political scientists (one psychiatrist) register disapproval of the American stance on moral, legal and pragmatic grounds. Among them, Joan Robinson on economic development in Asia, John Gerassi on revolution in Latin America, Dr. Jerome Frank on cold war psychology, and Robert Heilbroner on contradictions of economic policy. In a very real sense, these scholars find the United States unfit to sit in a community of nations. Their essays, right but overrighteous, should evoke strong interest at least in academic circles.