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This carefully researched book by a professor of history at Oklahoma State University tells the bitter story of the Arizona: Apaches, robbed Systematically by the powerful ""Tucson Ring"" of profiteers, and their resistance under the fighting chief Geronimo. Called ""one of the greatest Americans who ever lived"" by General Crook, who fought him, admired him, and was demoted by General Nelson Miles for treating him squarely, Geronimo led a handful of Apache warriors on scattered raids from Arizona to Mexico, terrorizing settlers and pursued by a troop of army-recruited Apache scouts and 5000 swearing and exhausted soldiers. Surrendering in 1886 to Lt. Gatewood of Miles' staff, the only white man he trusted, Geronimo agreed to terms that included two years' internment for himself, and his warriors as prisoners of war. Miles, who claimed all credit for the surrender and refused Gatewood an earned promotion to a captaincy, at once broke these terms, shipping the Apaches, including the Scouts who had fought them, to Florida, where they were imprisoned for years at hard labor as criminals. Transferred in 1894 to Ft. Sill. Okla. they were permitted to farm and raise cattle, but Geronimo turned showman at World's Fairs, selling his photograph and signature; he died in 1909. The fighting cry of American paratroopers in World War II Was ""Geronimo1."" Admittedly and authoritatively biased in Geronimo's favor, this book is a must for all students of the American Southwest and for all libraries of Western Americana.

Pub Date: Oct. 9th, 1969
ISBN: 0195083512
Publisher: Oxford