Freedom and Catholic power has been the almost obsessive concern of Paul Blanshard for a long time. Heretofore he has chiefly analyzed the problem as it affects religious, social and political life in the United States, and especially as the use and intrigue of Catholic power threaten the American principle of the separation of Church and State. Now he extends his inquiry into the dictator, Catholic countries of Spain and Portugal, and he masses the evidence to show that the church in those countries, with the full official sanction of the Vatican, is a part of the very fabric of the Franco and Salazar dictatorships which to the people, -- and to some members of the clergy, the freedom they long for and are afraid to seek. He also makes the point that American alliance with Spain brings together two nations which lie at opposite ends of both the democratic and religious and that our strength and prestige are being used to sanction not only political tyranny but religious discrimination and suppression. This will be a controversial book, but one which cannot be ignored by those who would understand the complex currents of international relations and the true dimensions of Catholic power.