A former student and patient tells the story of one of the pioneers in psychiatry -- at his request -- with material gathered from his notes, personal experiences, etc. -- which falls into three periods. The first with the foundations of his science, childhood and early conditioning toward medicine; second, fruition in Viennese State schools, years of collaboration with Freud and the undignified break with him, and third, his evolution into extreme humanity during his last years. His contributions to psychiatry, chiefly the theory of the inferiority complex, his allied psychiatric activities, child clinics, criminology, teaching and lecturing in Europe and America, where he finally settled, are outlined. Though flaws in the master are recognized, this is primarily an intense eulogy but the paradoxical character of the man comes through -- sensitive, not tempered, frank yet subtle, concilatory yet occasionally ruthless and essentially a human personality. Special interest market.