This critical inquiry into the conditions of war and peace, the fruit of an international project, is the thinking man's answer to biological doom-mongers (man is innately and inevitably aggressive). The editor fervently hopes that Philosophy will emerge from its ivory tower as ""the supreme champion of man for man"" to do battle with War, ""the paradox of man against himself."" The eighteen chapters by an international array of wisdom-lovers follow different lines of attack -- ""Linguistic analysis, dialectical reasoning, textual research, history of ideas, legal reasoning, and pragmatic evaluation"" -- but converge on the necessity of waging peace. Some of the specific subjects covered are the ""shaky"" history of philosophic involvement with war in this century, the way in which the American capitalist society educates people for war, the pathological grounding of our current war idiom, the possibilities of a world state regulated by international law, the changing of human nature through religions that point the way to the oneness of existence, nonviolent resistance as a moral equivalent of war, the hope for a revolution in values affirmative of life. The war in Vietnam gets a condemned rating; the Cold War is criticized as unnecessary, ""founded in misconception and mistrust""; the U.N. is tagged as progressive but inadequate. Some of the pieces sound a little too grand (out of the ivory tower onto the white charger?), but the intentions are good and the themes important. The editor looks forward not only to another similar volume, but to the establishment of roving International Philosophical Peace Teams. Among the better-known contributors: Thomas Merton, Carl J. Friedrich, Barrows Dunham, and Swami Nikhilananda.