A serious, openhanded discussion of contemporary American politics that forgoes specificity.

INALIENABLE RIGHTS VERSUS ABUSE

A comprehensive approach to public policy formulation oriented around the defense of inalienable rights. 

The Declaration of Independence famously announces inalienable rights as the natural foundation of civil society and the ultimate limit to governmental authority, but it doesn’t clearly articulate the socio-economic conditions for the equal exercise of those rights. Debut author Public (a nom de plume) argues that the U.S.’s promise of equality has been undermined by a failure to provide equal opportunity, a misstep that rises to a dereliction of duty: “Like many other countries, America has a culture of abuse in which abuses of and threatening attitudes toward inalienable rights seem almost commonplace.” The author catalogs typical abuses that span contemporary political issues, including environmental policy, fiscal management, poverty, immigration, foreign policy, and religious freedom. Public continues a long-standing progressive intellectual tradition in America of focusing on the conditions that allow for the meaningful protection of rights, a departure from a more threadbare version that extends from the British philosopher John Locke. The author avers that rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness logically include the concomitant rights to a “healthful lifestyle” and a “healthful living wage,” which lead, respectively, to single-payer universal health care and minimum annual incomes for the financially disadvantaged. Overall, Public’s public policy analysis—which carefully balances the demands of individual liberty with a proper deference to the common good—makes that liberty both morally defensible and meaningful. The author’s study is admirably bipartisan and free of ideological baggage. For example, despite his avowed personal distaste for guns, he acknowledges the importance of a right to self-defense. Also, he manages to navigate complex policy debates accessibly but empirically, citing statistical evidence when appropriate. However, this brief work far too ambitiously attempts to cover the totality of political conundrums and so has no choice but to often remain hypergeneral and simplistic. For example, there’s virtually no serious discussion of the criteria for a “healthful lifestyle,” but nevertheless, he offers a very specific target for a minimum living wage. 

A serious, openhanded discussion of contemporary American politics that forgoes specificity. 

Pub Date: March 20, 2017

ISBN: 978-1-5320-1045-3

Page Count: 304

Publisher: iUniverse

Review Posted Online: Aug. 21, 2017

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 15, 2017

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A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular...

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WHEN BREATH BECOMES AIR

A neurosurgeon with a passion for literature tragically finds his perfect subject after his diagnosis of terminal lung cancer.

Writing isn’t brain surgery, but it’s rare when someone adept at the latter is also so accomplished at the former. Searching for meaning and purpose in his life, Kalanithi pursued a doctorate in literature and had felt certain that he wouldn’t enter the field of medicine, in which his father and other members of his family excelled. “But I couldn’t let go of the question,” he writes, after realizing that his goals “didn’t quite fit in an English department.” “Where did biology, morality, literature and philosophy intersect?” So he decided to set aside his doctoral dissertation and belatedly prepare for medical school, which “would allow me a chance to find answers that are not in books, to find a different sort of sublime, to forge relationships with the suffering, and to keep following the question of what makes human life meaningful, even in the face of death and decay.” The author’s empathy undoubtedly made him an exceptional doctor, and the precision of his prose—as well as the moral purpose underscoring it—suggests that he could have written a good book on any subject he chose. Part of what makes this book so essential is the fact that it was written under a death sentence following the diagnosis that upended his life, just as he was preparing to end his residency and attract offers at the top of his profession. Kalanithi learned he might have 10 years to live or perhaps five. Should he return to neurosurgery (he could and did), or should he write (he also did)? Should he and his wife have a baby? They did, eight months before he died, which was less than two years after the original diagnosis. “The fact of death is unsettling,” he understates. “Yet there is no other way to live.”

A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular clarity.

Pub Date: Jan. 19, 2016

ISBN: 978-0-8129-8840-6

Page Count: 248

Publisher: Random House

Review Posted Online: Sept. 30, 2015

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 15, 2015

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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

GOOD ECONOMICS FOR HARD TIMES

“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 29, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

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