The Middle and Near East are the acknowledged seat of the Judaic- Christian tradition. Nonetheless, compared with Greece and Rome, this area composed of Arabia, Syria, and Palestine, has lacked the extensive investigation of the two former civilizations. In a highly readable form, Sabatino Moscati presents here a vast but detailed study of these areas. He distinguishes between the various civilizations which dominated over the ancient middle-east, describing their physical characteristics, their laws, their religious and social attitudes, and their developments. He also generously includes examples of their art and literature, works, which should in themselves, provoke further study of this area. Endorsed by the outstanding scholars of the Bible and supported by the most outstanding discoveries of modern archaeologists, Moscati's contribution is serious, sensitive and vastly informing.