This is the collaborative result of the Joint Commission (some 44 people) which was authorized by Congress in 1955 to investigate the inadequacies of mental health services, and the book, as was the original study, is directed toward the ""decision makers"". Over and above the ""statistical cliches"" and ""snakepit exposes"" which have been stated and reiterated again and again, the cold facts remain: 17,000,000 people in the U.S. suffer from some form of mental illness, and an estimated three billion dollars are needed to provide proper care and treatment, even though the tranquilizers have substantially reduced the number of resident patients. One sentence really serves to summarize the findings here: our disinclination to support mental health is the direct corollary of society's rejection of the mentally ill- ""people do not like psychotics"". State hospitals (Dr. Alvarez' sunny views Minds That Came p. 255 to the contrary) remain, as they were, ""custodial and positive"". The report discusses community resources (churches, clinics, schools); attitudes; the manpower shortage and need for personnel all along the line; the types of mental hospitals- out and in patient treatment; and makes its recommendations for accelerated, expanded recruitment, cars, training, treatment, etc. with a cost sheet and suggestion of appropriations, Federal and State.