Out of the conviction that ""God is dead"", and that, therefore, all traditional theological categories are invalid, the author, who teaches at Emory University, undertakes a study of the thought of Mircea Eliade as a means through which to raise the question of the possibility of a Christian dialectic between the sacred and the prefane, and so find a way through to a new theological method. He sees Eliade, professor of the history of religions at the University of Chicago, as the greatest living interpreter of archaic religion, and on a par with Bultmann. His exposition of Eliade's thought fills seven chapters, and draws widely from literature and theology for comparative purposes. It is a thoroughly scholarly work, charged with strong personal motive on the part of the author. Even those who may not agree with the position taken will find it challenging.