This volume offers a critical analysis and comparison of Ernst Troeltsch and Karl Barth as theologians concerned with a Christian understanding of history. The treatment develops under four sections: The Historicism of Ernst Troeltsch; Crisis Theology and the Rejection of Historicism; The Dogmatic Theology of Karl Barth; and A Christological Approach to History. The problem with which the book is concerned is that of relating modern ways of thinking about history to the way of thinking of history implicit in the Bible and in Christian Theology. The author sees Troeltsch as basically a philosopher of history whose historical orientation required him to think theologically, and Barth as a theologian whose theological purpose has required him to think historically. In this exchange, as the author presents him, the former, on the whole, seems to come off better. The book is readable and well supported--qualities not always to be found in a rewriting of what is obviously a doctoral thesis. Students, theologians, and other scholars, will find the work useful. The author is on the faculty of Birmingham-Southern College.