I HAVE SPOKEN: American History Through the Voices of the Indians by Virginia Irving -- Ed. Armstrong

I HAVE SPOKEN: American History Through the Voices of the Indians

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The words of the victims who perished under the great American steamroller of Manifest Destiny and westward expansion. Miss Armstrong has compiled the eloquent protests of the American Indians from the 17th century to the present as they watched their defeats and humiliations multiply across the decades. The occasion for the speechifying is frequently the signing of an extorted treaty -- like the one in 1821 which ceded five million acres east of Lake Michigan to the U.S. government. Many realized quite early on what was happening. A Creek chief in 1829 predicted: ""The time is near when our race will become extinct. Resistance to the aggression of the whites is useless."" Editor Armstrong annotates the selections and concentrates on the 18th and 19th centuries. (Josephy's Red Power, p. 411, provides more contemporary and formal claims for redress). A brief introduction by Frederick W. Turner suggests an anti-historical bias in American culture which expresses itself as ""the propensity to see ourselves as agents and principal actors in world history and all others as props in our production."" Those aroused by Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee will find further documentation of systematic destruction here.

Pub Date: July 26th, 1971
ISBN: 0804005303
Publisher: Swallow Press