A clear cut, authoritative analysis in which an Australian here rehearses the case of Japan, contrasts the aims of 1945 when our Japanese policy was planned with the needs of 1948 when quite another picture is presented. Whether or not we accept Japan as an enemy, or as an ally, lies very largely in our relations with Russia. If our tension with the Soviet continues we shall see her as a potential ally of vast strategic importance. A detailed account of the events which have taken place under the occupation is given. The Allied Council, Hirohito, the Yoshida Cabinet are discussed. The existence of a firmly entrenched Underground is revealed, and Ball questions that the Japanese government is acting in good faith. And, in conclusion, the author foresees an Allied control body for Japan, and advocates the right of that body to investigate further, with the control of such a body in the hands of the United States.... For study groups, organizations, individuals concerned with world affairs.