The rapid deterioration of relations between Latin America and the United States has been a constant problem of the post war period. Perhaps what is most needed is far greater mutual understanding among the countries of the western hemisphere. The main intent of this book is to make some contribution to that end. After an introduction discussing in general the economic and political patterns of the twenty Latin American countries, the author then discusses the pre-conditions necessary for industrialization: Latin America lacks trained manpower; there is an insufficient use of manpower and a misuse of capital; the rate of savings is low; and the land tenure system is a terrible handicap. Mr. Benton analyzes the crucial role that private foreign capital has played and can play in Latin America's development; he urges that the United States treat these peoples as partners, and accord them the dignity of equals. Mr. Benton further suggests the relocation of O.A.S. headquarters, the hemispheric internationalization of Panama, the formulation of a disarmament proposal for Latin America, and the elimination of artificial trade barriers. The main fact that the book reveals is that economic aid is not the sole cure for Latin America's ills. Mr. Benton has succeeded in distilling his ideas into language understandable to the layman; it is a book worthy of careful study and attention.