The eagerly awaited report on Red China by the Canadian newspaper correspondent William Stevenson is a long, intricate and highly intelligent discussion of this country whose population numbers one fourth of the world today. To some extent Mr. Stevenson's book is a student's book- for students. This is a pity. The general reader may not be able to fully absorb the great Chinese puzzle he has presented, and Mao's utterances have been liberally quoted, along with a great deal of background material on the complex Chinese dynasties, on Confucius, on secret societies, etc. The thesis demonstrated is that the Red Chinese, in contrast to the Russian dominated Communists of the West, have employed traditional Chinese subtlety and applied the art of ""gentle persuasion"" instead of brute force to achieve control. The implications for the West are that this is a far more difficult- and more dangerous- dynamic force with which they must deal- if China is to be salvaged from Communist control. In many respects Mr. Stevenson's book is reminiscent of Jacoby and White's Thunder Out of China, even though his report has greater depth and continues where Mrs. Jacoby and Mr. White left off. It is forceful and frightening reading.