This is a comprehensive and seemingly exhaustive history of one hundred years of taxation in this country -- the ""most effective tax system"" in the world based as it is on self-assessment and ""voluntary compliance"". It is both a record of our tax legislation, its historical antecedents and present day administration, as well as a resume of the various organizations involved in collecting those voluntary contributions: the Internal Revenue Service and their regional branches; Commissioner Mortimer Caplin (he contributes the introduction) and his ""New Direction"" program; automatic data processing and the speed-up it will facilitate; special taxes (withholding, alcohol, tobacco, etc.); various problem areas and technical difficulties and that double jeopardy-the more taxes to collect, the more expense involved; taxes and industry; enforcement and controls, etc., etc. A few letters appended at the end brighten doomsday thoughts, particularly the one to Mr. Caplin advising him to apply himself to his ""unpleasant occupation and let the taxpayer form his own opinions"". Illustrations include maps, charts, even a eplica of a poster (""WANTED""). A basic book for all tax accountants, lawyers, legislators and the more vigilant taxpayer as well. Lillian Doris has edited the book in collaboration with this publisher's Editorial Staff which has very little competition in this area.