The Negro in America has lived like a citizen of a conquered nation for 300 years. Most white liberals may wish the best for him but have no real conception of the depths of bitterness and apathy that must still be overcome in the masses who have been submerged so long that they have little hope. In this appraisal of what has actually been accomplished on all fronts by the Negro movement, Nat Hentoff indicates the false security of paper gains. He assesses the power potential of the movement and the new pride that is activating many Negroes and finds it good. If the white community realizes that we are not conceding rights and moves quickly to transcend the results of past discrimination, everyone will be benefited by the new equality. The alternatives will be the unsatisfactory sharing of a stale economic pie or an explosion of violence due to frustration which the most influential non-violent leaders cannot control. Hentoff writes with his customary clarity, an informed view, and as much understanding of the problem as it is possible for a white man to have.