This work was first published, in German, in 1951. The present translation is based on a complete revision of the second edition. The author, a prominent physician and counselor, says that this new edition finds his fundamental thesis is ""more Christocentric"" while his practical applications are ""more securalized."" The present title hardly indicates the aim of the book, which centers rather closely on the unique work of the pastor in his care of souls. Pastoral care, the writer holds, is the most vital and at the same time the most neglected business of the Church. Seven chapters cover: ""The Work of the Pastor""--in distinction from the work of psychiatrists, social workers, etc.; ""What Is Man?"", ""Man And The Powers""--the impersonal external forces that shape a man's life; ""Salvation""; ""Abiding""; ""The Practice of The Pastoral Ministry"", and ""The Personal Life of the Pastor"". Although theologically well-grounded, the author makes his best contributions when he writes from the technical and special ground of his own field of medicine and psychology. This book stands somewhat between the theological work of Thurneysen, and the more personal and popular writings of Tournier. The author has written both popular and scholarly works concerned with the human situation.