Intense reading most likely to appeal to radical feminist scholars.

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THE RADICAL FEMINISM OF ANDREA DWORKIN

Two editors join forces to produce an anthology of works by a controversial second-wave feminist.

Andrea Dworkin (1946-2005) achieved notoriety in the 1980s as “an iconic figure of so-called anti-sex feminism.” Musician and art critic Fateman and Lambda Literary board president Scholder attempt to offer a complete portrait of Dworkin’s oeuvre by bringing together selections from both her famous theoretical and lesser-known literary works. The editors begin with essays taken from Woman Hating (1974). Each piece reveals Dworkin’s core concerns that “the nuclear family and ritualized sexual behavior imprison [women] in roles and forms which are degrading to [them]” and that manhood is predicated on the enactment of (sexual) violence against women. Selections from Our Blood (1976) show Dworkin in dialogue with other second-wave feminists and, in particular, her fellow militants, Kate Millett and Shulamith Firestone. Those pieces drawn from Pornography (1981) find Dworkin theorizing that pornography is a savage “genre” concerned with depicting all aspects of “male power.” Fateman and Scholder also gather excerpts from Intercourse (1987), a book concerned with “the sexed world of dominance and submission.” Although Dworkin was a published poet, the editors focus on her prose efforts. They include autobiographical writings such as “My Life as a Writer” (1995) and “My Suicide” (1999), a devastating unpublished account of how Dworkin was drugged and raped in a Paris hotel. The editors also offer selections from two fictional works, Ice and Fire (1986) and Mercy (1991), which portray protagonists who suffer horrific personal injustice at the hands of men and patriarchal society. Fateman and Scholder’s anthology is useful as a primer on works by a figure consigned to the radical fringe of feminist discourse, but its no-holds-barred accounts of misogynistic brutality and uncensored expressions of female rage do not make it a book for the faint of heart.

Intense reading most likely to appeal to radical feminist scholars.

Pub Date: March 1, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-63590-080-4

Page Count: 408

Publisher: Semiotext(e)

Review Posted Online: Jan. 13, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 1, 2019

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Not an easy read but an essential one.

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HOW TO BE AN ANTIRACIST

Title notwithstanding, this latest from the National Book Award–winning author is no guidebook to getting woke.

In fact, the word “woke” appears nowhere within its pages. Rather, it is a combination memoir and extension of Atlantic columnist Kendi’s towering Stamped From the Beginning (2016) that leads readers through a taxonomy of racist thought to anti-racist action. Never wavering from the thesis introduced in his previous book, that “racism is a powerful collection of racist policies that lead to racial inequity and are substantiated by racist ideas,” the author posits a seemingly simple binary: “Antiracism is a powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are substantiated by antiracist ideas.” The author, founding director of American University’s Antiracist Research and Policy Center, chronicles how he grew from a childhood steeped in black liberation Christianity to his doctoral studies, identifying and dispelling the layers of racist thought under which he had operated. “Internalized racism,” he writes, “is the real Black on Black Crime.” Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth, all the way to the intersectional constructs of gender racism and queer racism (the only section of the book that feels rushed). Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). The author then reframes those received ideas with inexorable logic: “Either racist policy or Black inferiority explains why White people are wealthier, healthier, and more powerful than Black people today.” If Kendi is justifiably hard on America, he’s just as hard on himself. When he began college, “anti-Black racist ideas covered my freshman eyes like my orange contacts.” This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory.

Not an easy read but an essential one.

Pub Date: Aug. 13, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-50928-8

Page Count: 320

Publisher: One World/Random House

Review Posted Online: April 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2019

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A PEOPLE'S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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