BOOTLEG

THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE OTHER RECORDING INDUSTRY

A ramshackle history that defends the dissemination of unauthorized rock records. The specific business Heylin (Bob Dylan: Behind the Shades, 1991, etc.) praises here is the illicit pressing and distribution of records or compact discs made from studio outtakes and live performances, as distinct from the counterfeiting of officially released records. Pop bootlegging began in 1969 when Bob Dylan's unreleased 1966 ``basement tapes'' were pressed on a record called Great White Wonder. After this Heylin's story quickly gets murky, for his principal subjects are not musical performances but the perils of clandestine manufacturing and shipping and the morass that is international copyright law. No one seems to have been able to deduce how much of the Dylan record was illegal or how to prosecute the perpetrators, so convoluted were the laws governing both copyright and record-company contracts, and so elusive were the bootleggers. The most popular bootlegs were themselves copied or imitated with variable-quality source material by entrepreneurs, until of necessity someone started publishing the buyer's guide Hot Wacks to advise fans of which records were even audible. Heylin distinguishes between putatively altruistic bootleggers who provide desirable merchandise and those who are interested only in turning a profit (it's uncertain into which camp fell the manufacturers of a 70-album box of Led Zeppelin concerts). He persuasively brushes off the legitimate industry's exaggerated claims of lost revenue diverted to bootleg sales, and only at the end of the book does he mention parenthetically that he finds nonpayment of royalties to performers ``morally indefensible.'' The book's second half is chiefly about bootlegging in Asia and Europe, where because of differing copyright protections among the member countries of the European Community, distribution of unauthorized records enjoyed a boom over the past decade. To explain why, Heylin swamps himself in bewildering dissections of international law. As a business writer Heylin makes a good Bob Dylan fan.

Pub Date: June 1, 1995

ISBN: 0-312-13031-7

Page Count: 448

Publisher: St. Martin's

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 15, 1995

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Striking research showing the immense complexity of ordinary thought and revealing the identities of the gatekeepers in our...

THINKING, FAST AND SLOW

A psychologist and Nobel Prize winner summarizes and synthesizes the recent decades of research on intuition and systematic thinking.

The author of several scholarly texts, Kahneman (Emeritus Psychology and Public Affairs/Princeton Univ.) now offers general readers not just the findings of psychological research but also a better understanding of how research questions arise and how scholars systematically frame and answer them. He begins with the distinction between System 1 and System 2 mental operations, the former referring to quick, automatic thought, the latter to more effortful, overt thinking. We rely heavily, writes, on System 1, resorting to the higher-energy System 2 only when we need or want to. Kahneman continually refers to System 2 as “lazy”: We don’t want to think rigorously about something. The author then explores the nuances of our two-system minds, showing how they perform in various situations. Psychological experiments have repeatedly revealed that our intuitions are generally wrong, that our assessments are based on biases and that our System 1 hates doubt and despises ambiguity. Kahneman largely avoids jargon; when he does use some (“heuristics,” for example), he argues that such terms really ought to join our everyday vocabulary. He reviews many fundamental concepts in psychology and statistics (regression to the mean, the narrative fallacy, the optimistic bias), showing how they relate to his overall concerns about how we think and why we make the decisions that we do. Some of the later chapters (dealing with risk-taking and statistics and probabilities) are denser than others (some readers may resent such demands on System 2!), but the passages that deal with the economic and political implications of the research are gripping.

Striking research showing the immense complexity of ordinary thought and revealing the identities of the gatekeepers in our minds.

Pub Date: Nov. 1, 2011

ISBN: 978-0-374-27563-1

Page Count: 512

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Review Posted Online: Sept. 4, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2011

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A timely, vividly realized reminder to slow down and harness the restorative wonders of serenity.

STILLNESS IS THE KEY

An exploration of the importance of clarity through calmness in an increasingly fast-paced world.

Austin-based speaker and strategist Holiday (Conspiracy: Peter Thiel, Hulk Hogan, Gawker, and the Anatomy of Intrigue, 2018, etc.) believes in downshifting one’s life and activities in order to fully grasp the wonder of stillness. He bolsters this theory with a wide array of perspectives—some based on ancient wisdom (one of the author’s specialties), others more modern—all with the intent to direct readers toward the essential importance of stillness and its “attainable path to enlightenment and excellence, greatness and happiness, performance as well as presence.” Readers will be encouraged by Holiday’s insistence that his methods are within anyone’s grasp. He acknowledges that this rare and coveted calm is already inside each of us, but it’s been worn down by the hustle of busy lives and distractions. Recognizing that this goal requires immense personal discipline, the author draws on the representational histories of John F. Kennedy, Buddha, Tiger Woods, Fred Rogers, Leonardo da Vinci, and many other creative thinkers and scholarly, scientific texts. These examples demonstrate how others have evolved past the noise of modern life and into the solitude of productive thought and cleansing tranquility. Holiday splits his accessible, empowering, and sporadically meandering narrative into a three-part “timeless trinity of mind, body, soul—the head, the heart, the human body.” He juxtaposes Stoic philosopher Seneca’s internal reflection and wisdom against Donald Trump’s egocentric existence, with much of his time spent “in his bathrobe, ranting about the news.” Holiday stresses that while contemporary life is filled with a dizzying variety of “competing priorities and beliefs,” the frenzy can be quelled and serenity maintained through a deliberative calming of the mind and body. The author shows how “stillness is what aims the arrow,” fostering focus, internal harmony, and the kind of holistic self-examination necessary for optimal contentment and mind-body centeredness. Throughout the narrative, he promotes that concept mindfully and convincingly.

A timely, vividly realized reminder to slow down and harness the restorative wonders of serenity.

Pub Date: Oct. 1, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-53858-5

Page Count: 288

Publisher: Portfolio

Review Posted Online: July 21, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Aug. 15, 2019

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