An intimate portrait of a land, its people and its customs.

DOWN & DELIRIOUS IN MEXICO CITY

THE AZTEC METROPOLIS IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY

A collection of travel essays exploring Mexico City’s diverse culture.

In his debut, Los Angeles Times “La Plaza” blogger Hernandez provides firsthand accounts of the people and traditions of one of the world’s largest, and most chaotic, cities. “Life in Mexico City,” he writes, “is a contact sport. It might be scary at first, unforgiving, violent, but to really grasp it, you gotta get in, release all inhibitions, all cultural blinders. You have to get down, and play.” The author does just that, partaking in drugs, alcohol, sweat lodges and a religious pilgrimage in an effort to better understand his roots. Born in San Diego to Mexican parents, Hernandez struggled to come to grips with his heritage. When explaining his situation to a stateside Mexico City native, the girl offhandedly replied that Hernandez was “not really Mexican,” spurring him to travel to Mexico to find out for himself. Throughout his journeys, the author recounts a land of unique people, many of whom in the younger generation regularly peg themselves as bandas (a term “[e]voking youth, rock-n-roll, and resistance”) and other self-selecting groupings. Yet beyond these emerging subcultures remains a far older tradition, deeply rooted in religious and spiritual purification. Hernandez attempts to rekindle his spiritual side by taking a pilgrimage to the sight of the Virgen de Guadalupe’s final appearance. After becoming overwhelmed by the fervent crowds, he backed out, disappointedly noting that a “real Mexican…would have seen the pilgrimage all the way through.” In a second attempt at spiritual rejuvenation, the author participated in a temazcal—a makeshift sweat lodge notorious for pushing its inhabitants to their physical limits. Overcome by the heat, a downtrodden Hernandez was forced to exit the lodge prior to the conclusion of the ritual—yet another example of his valiant, though ultimately unsuccessful, attempts at assimilation.

An intimate portrait of a land, its people and its customs.

Pub Date: Feb. 8, 2011

ISBN: 978-1-4165-7703-4

Page Count: 320

Publisher: Scribner

Review Posted Online: Oct. 19, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Nov. 15, 2010

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HOW TO BE AN ANTIRACIST

Title notwithstanding, this latest from the National Book Award–winning author is no guidebook to getting woke.

In fact, the word “woke” appears nowhere within its pages. Rather, it is a combination memoir and extension of Atlantic columnist Kendi’s towering Stamped From the Beginning (2016) that leads readers through a taxonomy of racist thought to anti-racist action. Never wavering from the thesis introduced in his previous book, that “racism is a powerful collection of racist policies that lead to racial inequity and are substantiated by racist ideas,” the author posits a seemingly simple binary: “Antiracism is a powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are substantiated by antiracist ideas.” The author, founding director of American University’s Antiracist Research and Policy Center, chronicles how he grew from a childhood steeped in black liberation Christianity to his doctoral studies, identifying and dispelling the layers of racist thought under which he had operated. “Internalized racism,” he writes, “is the real Black on Black Crime.” Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth, all the way to the intersectional constructs of gender racism and queer racism (the only section of the book that feels rushed). Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). The author then reframes those received ideas with inexorable logic: “Either racist policy or Black inferiority explains why White people are wealthier, healthier, and more powerful than Black people today.” If Kendi is justifiably hard on America, he’s just as hard on himself. When he began college, “anti-Black racist ideas covered my freshman eyes like my orange contacts.” This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory.

Not an easy read but an essential one.

Pub Date: Aug. 13, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-50928-8

Page Count: 320

Publisher: One World/Random House

Review Posted Online: April 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2019

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A PEOPLE'S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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