Features the standard litany of leadership platitudes, but readers looking for a fast take on management skills may find...

THE CIVILIAN GUIDE TO LEADING YOUR TROOPS

Ciarella’s how-to on leadership blends American military and business strategies.

This cleverly titled book suggests some connection between military leadership and business leadership. The author, who has almost 30 years of sales and sales leadership experience, uses his brief stint as an Army officer as a platform to discuss the characteristics of good leaders and good followers. Ciarella frequently references the military angle; however, most of the guide is essentially grounded in standard management practices that have repeatedly been covered elsewhere. On the positive side, Ciarella summarizes many business basics in a tidy little book that is both mildly informative and easy to read. He also includes the requisite specific examples to support the generalizations. In addition to offering an overview of the qualities supervisors and support staff need, the author includes chapters on choosing directors and team players, assessing performance, and understanding the benefits and rewards of good guidance. In one of the more intriguing chapters, the author suggests, “Good leaders use data to support their positions, never to be the position itself.” Ciarella includes some suggestions for making the best use of facts and figures in decision-making, and many of these are worthy of note. For example, “Use only as much detail as necessary”; “Spread around the burden of data-gathering and analysis”; and “Have a good understanding of the true costs of data-gathering.” These tips become all the more important when viewed in the context of the author’s statement that leaders would do well to “avoid over-studying a decision point.” This chapter, at least, presents a fresh view of the potential danger of data dependence. But for the leader-to-be who’s seeking substantive guidance, this book marches down a too-well-trodden path.

Features the standard litany of leadership platitudes, but readers looking for a fast take on management skills may find what they need.

Pub Date: May 7, 2012

ISBN: 978-1469935546

Page Count: 98

Publisher: CreateSpace

Review Posted Online: Oct. 29, 2012

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Striking research showing the immense complexity of ordinary thought and revealing the identities of the gatekeepers in our...

THINKING, FAST AND SLOW

A psychologist and Nobel Prize winner summarizes and synthesizes the recent decades of research on intuition and systematic thinking.

The author of several scholarly texts, Kahneman (Emeritus Psychology and Public Affairs/Princeton Univ.) now offers general readers not just the findings of psychological research but also a better understanding of how research questions arise and how scholars systematically frame and answer them. He begins with the distinction between System 1 and System 2 mental operations, the former referring to quick, automatic thought, the latter to more effortful, overt thinking. We rely heavily, writes, on System 1, resorting to the higher-energy System 2 only when we need or want to. Kahneman continually refers to System 2 as “lazy”: We don’t want to think rigorously about something. The author then explores the nuances of our two-system minds, showing how they perform in various situations. Psychological experiments have repeatedly revealed that our intuitions are generally wrong, that our assessments are based on biases and that our System 1 hates doubt and despises ambiguity. Kahneman largely avoids jargon; when he does use some (“heuristics,” for example), he argues that such terms really ought to join our everyday vocabulary. He reviews many fundamental concepts in psychology and statistics (regression to the mean, the narrative fallacy, the optimistic bias), showing how they relate to his overall concerns about how we think and why we make the decisions that we do. Some of the later chapters (dealing with risk-taking and statistics and probabilities) are denser than others (some readers may resent such demands on System 2!), but the passages that deal with the economic and political implications of the research are gripping.

Striking research showing the immense complexity of ordinary thought and revealing the identities of the gatekeepers in our minds.

Pub Date: Nov. 1, 2011

ISBN: 978-0-374-27563-1

Page Count: 512

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Review Posted Online: Sept. 4, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2011

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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

GOOD ECONOMICS FOR HARD TIMES

“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 29, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

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