A brilliant exploration of scenarios that will be playing out for decades to come in a rapidly changing world.

WHITESHIFT

POPULISM, IMMIGRATION, AND THE FUTURE OF WHITE MAJORITIES

An encyclopedic treatise on ethnic identity, immigration and its consequences, and a future in which the “Anglosphere” may be an insignificant outlier.

Kaufmann (Politics/Birkbeck Coll., Univ. of London; Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?: Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century, 2010, etc.), who exemplifies his topic—a Hong Kong–born Canadian of Jewish, Hispanic, and Asian ancestry—begins this sprawling study with the view that although majority-white populations are declining in the majority-white bulwarks of old, this does not necessarily mean that Western values cannot endure. What is required and will probably happen, he ventures, is the “whiteshift” of his title, namely a “process by which white majorities absorb an admixture of different peoples through intermarriage, but remain oriented around existing myths of descent, symbols, and traditions.” In other words, just as everyone is Irish on St. Patrick’s Day, everyone in a future America will be oriented in an Anglo-American direction, moderate to conservative in outlook. The author observes that “white decline,” while inevitable in terms of racial construct, is a driver for much political angst and furor. The rise of Donald Trump coincides strongly with white fears of a loss of power and identity while rising ethnic diversity is accompanied by “two responses: conservatism and authoritarianism.” The more ethnic diversity, the more “white avoidance” in self-selected communities, yielding de facto segregation. All this plays out on a battlefield between hard right and hard left, now located most visibly on college campuses. Kaufmann’s explorations are wide-ranging and often provocative, backed by numerous charts of polling results touching on some of the most intractable of modern problems, from refugees to overpopulation to overweening “political correctness” and polarization. The trick, he concludes, is to find some sort of happy medium in which conservative-tending, aging whites can “find a sense of ethnic identity in the rising mixed-race population” while restoring some measure of political harmony.

A brilliant exploration of scenarios that will be playing out for decades to come in a rapidly changing world.

Pub Date: Feb. 5, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-4683-1697-1

Page Count: 624

Publisher: Abrams

Review Posted Online: April 15, 2019

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A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular...

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WHEN BREATH BECOMES AIR

A neurosurgeon with a passion for literature tragically finds his perfect subject after his diagnosis of terminal lung cancer.

Writing isn’t brain surgery, but it’s rare when someone adept at the latter is also so accomplished at the former. Searching for meaning and purpose in his life, Kalanithi pursued a doctorate in literature and had felt certain that he wouldn’t enter the field of medicine, in which his father and other members of his family excelled. “But I couldn’t let go of the question,” he writes, after realizing that his goals “didn’t quite fit in an English department.” “Where did biology, morality, literature and philosophy intersect?” So he decided to set aside his doctoral dissertation and belatedly prepare for medical school, which “would allow me a chance to find answers that are not in books, to find a different sort of sublime, to forge relationships with the suffering, and to keep following the question of what makes human life meaningful, even in the face of death and decay.” The author’s empathy undoubtedly made him an exceptional doctor, and the precision of his prose—as well as the moral purpose underscoring it—suggests that he could have written a good book on any subject he chose. Part of what makes this book so essential is the fact that it was written under a death sentence following the diagnosis that upended his life, just as he was preparing to end his residency and attract offers at the top of his profession. Kalanithi learned he might have 10 years to live or perhaps five. Should he return to neurosurgery (he could and did), or should he write (he also did)? Should he and his wife have a baby? They did, eight months before he died, which was less than two years after the original diagnosis. “The fact of death is unsettling,” he understates. “Yet there is no other way to live.”

A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular clarity.

Pub Date: Jan. 19, 2016

ISBN: 978-0-8129-8840-6

Page Count: 248

Publisher: Random House

Review Posted Online: Sept. 30, 2015

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 15, 2015

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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

GOOD ECONOMICS FOR HARD TIMES

“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 29, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

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