A brilliant exploration of scenarios that will be playing out for decades to come in a rapidly changing world.




An encyclopedic treatise on ethnic identity, immigration and its consequences, and a future in which the “Anglosphere” may be an insignificant outlier.

Kaufmann (Politics/Birkbeck Coll., Univ. of London; Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?: Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century, 2010, etc.), who exemplifies his topic—a Hong Kong–born Canadian of Jewish, Hispanic, and Asian ancestry—begins this sprawling study with the view that although majority-white populations are declining in the majority-white bulwarks of old, this does not necessarily mean that Western values cannot endure. What is required and will probably happen, he ventures, is the “whiteshift” of his title, namely a “process by which white majorities absorb an admixture of different peoples through intermarriage, but remain oriented around existing myths of descent, symbols, and traditions.” In other words, just as everyone is Irish on St. Patrick’s Day, everyone in a future America will be oriented in an Anglo-American direction, moderate to conservative in outlook. The author observes that “white decline,” while inevitable in terms of racial construct, is a driver for much political angst and furor. The rise of Donald Trump coincides strongly with white fears of a loss of power and identity while rising ethnic diversity is accompanied by “two responses: conservatism and authoritarianism.” The more ethnic diversity, the more “white avoidance” in self-selected communities, yielding de facto segregation. All this plays out on a battlefield between hard right and hard left, now located most visibly on college campuses. Kaufmann’s explorations are wide-ranging and often provocative, backed by numerous charts of polling results touching on some of the most intractable of modern problems, from refugees to overpopulation to overweening “political correctness” and polarization. The trick, he concludes, is to find some sort of happy medium in which conservative-tending, aging whites can “find a sense of ethnic identity in the rising mixed-race population” while restoring some measure of political harmony.

A brilliant exploration of scenarios that will be playing out for decades to come in a rapidly changing world.

Pub Date: Feb. 5, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-4683-1697-1

Page Count: 624

Publisher: Abrams

Review Posted Online: April 15, 2019

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Not an easy read but an essential one.

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Title notwithstanding, this latest from the National Book Award–winning author is no guidebook to getting woke.

In fact, the word “woke” appears nowhere within its pages. Rather, it is a combination memoir and extension of Atlantic columnist Kendi’s towering Stamped From the Beginning (2016) that leads readers through a taxonomy of racist thought to anti-racist action. Never wavering from the thesis introduced in his previous book, that “racism is a powerful collection of racist policies that lead to racial inequity and are substantiated by racist ideas,” the author posits a seemingly simple binary: “Antiracism is a powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are substantiated by antiracist ideas.” The author, founding director of American University’s Antiracist Research and Policy Center, chronicles how he grew from a childhood steeped in black liberation Christianity to his doctoral studies, identifying and dispelling the layers of racist thought under which he had operated. “Internalized racism,” he writes, “is the real Black on Black Crime.” Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth, all the way to the intersectional constructs of gender racism and queer racism (the only section of the book that feels rushed). Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). The author then reframes those received ideas with inexorable logic: “Either racist policy or Black inferiority explains why White people are wealthier, healthier, and more powerful than Black people today.” If Kendi is justifiably hard on America, he’s just as hard on himself. When he began college, “anti-Black racist ideas covered my freshman eyes like my orange contacts.” This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory.

Not an easy read but an essential one.

Pub Date: Aug. 13, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-50928-8

Page Count: 320

Publisher: One World/Random House

Review Posted Online: April 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2019

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For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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