A welcome look at the internal workings of the legislative branch—essential for political junkies.
How does Congress work? With utmost difficulty, reveals longtime House member Waxman—but those who hold it in low regard, he adds, “lack a full appreciation for what Congress really does.”
The author arrived from California to the U.S. Congress as a member of the “Class of 1974,” the first post-Watergate group of representatives. It was a time of great reform, as former student activists and civil libertarians pressed agendas to move civil rights, women’s rights, environmental protection and other programs forward in the face of slowly dwindling resistance from the old guard. (One, writes Waxman, was a Virginia representative who “had managed to block civil rights legislation for years by refusing to allow bills to go to the floor for a vote.”) Having swept the old-timers aside, the youthful vanguard—now the liberal establishment—specialized, with Waxman steadily developing a comprehensive program of health-care reform and championing causes such as AIDS research and treatment (against vigorous Republican opposition) and, recently, tobacco regulation (ditto). He has been helped over these four decades by holding a safe seat—meaning, he says, “I didn’t need to raise much money for my own reelection,” but instead was able to contribute to the election of like-minded allies—as well as a useful ability to forge coalitions. Reading between the lines, it seems that Waxman has also been well served by simply paying attention, reacting to events as they unfold. Examples include regulations on the chemical industry following the 1984 Bhopal disaster to the inexorably turning tide against smoking—and, pointedly, a singularly evil tobacco industry (“To ensure increased and longer-term growth for Camel Filter…the brand must increase its share penetration among the 14–24 age group”).A welcome look at the internal workings of the legislative branch—essential for political junkies.
Pub Date: July 2, 2009
Page Count: 236
Review Posted Online: May 19, 2010
Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2009
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by Ta-Nehisi Coates ‧ RELEASE DATE: July 8, 2015
This moving, potent testament might have been titled “Black Lives Matter.” Or: “An American Tragedy.”
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Best Books Of 2015
New York Times Bestseller
National Book Award Winner
Pulitzer Prize Finalist
The powerful story of a father’s past and a son’s future.
Atlantic senior writer Coates (The Beautiful Struggle: A Father, Two Sons, and an Unlikely Road to Manhood, 2008) offers this eloquent memoir as a letter to his teenage son, bearing witness to his own experiences and conveying passionate hopes for his son’s life. “I am wounded,” he writes. “I am marked by old codes, which shielded me in one world and then chained me in the next.” Coates grew up in the tough neighborhood of West Baltimore, beaten into obedience by his father. “I was a capable boy, intelligent and well-liked,” he remembers, “but powerfully afraid.” His life changed dramatically at Howard University, where his father taught and from which several siblings graduated. Howard, he writes, “had always been one of the most critical gathering posts for black people.” He calls it The Mecca, and its faculty and his fellow students expanded his horizons, helping him to understand “that the black world was its own thing, more than a photo-negative of the people who believe they are white.” Coates refers repeatedly to whites’ insistence on their exclusive racial identity; he realizes now “that nothing so essentialist as race” divides people, but rather “the actual injury done by people intent on naming us, intent on believing that what they have named matters more than anything we could ever actually do.” After he married, the author’s world widened again in New York, and later in Paris, where he finally felt extricated from white America’s exploitative, consumerist dreams. He came to understand that “race” does not fully explain “the breach between the world and me,” yet race exerts a crucial force, and young blacks like his son are vulnerable and endangered by “majoritarian bandits.” Coates desperately wants his son to be able to live “apart from fear—even apart from me.”This moving, potent testament might have been titled “Black Lives Matter.” Or: “An American Tragedy.”
Pub Date: July 8, 2015
Page Count: 176
Publisher: Spiegel & Grau
Review Posted Online: May 5, 2015
Kirkus Reviews Issue: July 1, 2015
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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.
“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.
It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.
Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019
Page Count: 432
Review Posted Online: Aug. 28, 2019
Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019
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