THE END OF AFFLUENCE

THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF AMERICA'S ECONOMIC DILEMMA

Madrick looks into the vast vessel that is the US economy and pronounces it half emptyand draining. In reiterating the declinist view of America's future, the veteran financial journalist zeroes in on the problems presumably caused by the sluggish pace of domestic economic growth (2.3% per annum) and stagnant state of productivity improvements (about 1%) since 1973. Prior to that year, annual gains in GDP averaged 3.4% and productivity forged ahead at a 2% rate. This more measured pace of economic advance has curtailed the nation's capacity to meet its social/welfare commitments, to remain competitive in key commercial/industrial markets throughout the world, and to keep personal income and living standards on an upward track. Further, he points out, inflation-adjusted losses in the domestic output of goods and services from 1973 to 1993 aggregated $12 trillion. To put the impact of contemporary shortfalls in clearer perspective, Madrick offers a brisk overview of the postCivil War era, when US business and wages were expanding at a healthy clip, thanks in large measure to the economies of scale achieved by mass production and mass merchandising. These, he asserts, not only helped fragment once-homogeneous outlets but also intensified mercantile rivalries and made it appreciably easier for start-up enterprises to enter hitherto closed markets. Despite the convulsive shift in its fortunes, the author warns, the American populace remains unwarrantedly optimistic about the shape of things to come. Brief allusions to higher taxes, shared sacrifice, income maintenance, and deficit reduction apart, Madrick makes no attempt to consider ways out of the socioeconomic fix in which he perceives the US. Withal, the author insists, the citizenry had best put paid to any comforting notion that self-reliance, rugged individualism, and other classic virtues guarantee ever brighter tomorrows. A credible worst-case evaluation of what slower economic growth has and could cost the American polity if the nation fails to regain its historic momentum.

Pub Date: Sept. 1, 1995

ISBN: 0-679-43623-5

Page Count: 208

Publisher: Random House

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: July 15, 1995

Did you like this book?

No Comments Yet

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

GOOD ECONOMICS FOR HARD TIMES

“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 29, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

Did you like this book?

A timely, vividly realized reminder to slow down and harness the restorative wonders of serenity.

STILLNESS IS THE KEY

An exploration of the importance of clarity through calmness in an increasingly fast-paced world.

Austin-based speaker and strategist Holiday (Conspiracy: Peter Thiel, Hulk Hogan, Gawker, and the Anatomy of Intrigue, 2018, etc.) believes in downshifting one’s life and activities in order to fully grasp the wonder of stillness. He bolsters this theory with a wide array of perspectives—some based on ancient wisdom (one of the author’s specialties), others more modern—all with the intent to direct readers toward the essential importance of stillness and its “attainable path to enlightenment and excellence, greatness and happiness, performance as well as presence.” Readers will be encouraged by Holiday’s insistence that his methods are within anyone’s grasp. He acknowledges that this rare and coveted calm is already inside each of us, but it’s been worn down by the hustle of busy lives and distractions. Recognizing that this goal requires immense personal discipline, the author draws on the representational histories of John F. Kennedy, Buddha, Tiger Woods, Fred Rogers, Leonardo da Vinci, and many other creative thinkers and scholarly, scientific texts. These examples demonstrate how others have evolved past the noise of modern life and into the solitude of productive thought and cleansing tranquility. Holiday splits his accessible, empowering, and sporadically meandering narrative into a three-part “timeless trinity of mind, body, soul—the head, the heart, the human body.” He juxtaposes Stoic philosopher Seneca’s internal reflection and wisdom against Donald Trump’s egocentric existence, with much of his time spent “in his bathrobe, ranting about the news.” Holiday stresses that while contemporary life is filled with a dizzying variety of “competing priorities and beliefs,” the frenzy can be quelled and serenity maintained through a deliberative calming of the mind and body. The author shows how “stillness is what aims the arrow,” fostering focus, internal harmony, and the kind of holistic self-examination necessary for optimal contentment and mind-body centeredness. Throughout the narrative, he promotes that concept mindfully and convincingly.

A timely, vividly realized reminder to slow down and harness the restorative wonders of serenity.

Pub Date: Oct. 1, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-53858-5

Page Count: 288

Publisher: Portfolio

Review Posted Online: July 21, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Aug. 15, 2019

Did you like this book?

more