A historical account of a unique form of terrorism that offers lessons for today.




The story of the prototype of “lone wolf” terrorism, decades before the term was coined.

Simon (Lone Wolf Terrorism, 2013, etc.), the president of a security and terrorism research consulting company, delves into a fascinating, all-but-forgotten case. The August 1974 bombing at the Los Angeles International Airport, which occurred just two days before Richard Nixon’s resignation, was “the first time an airport had been bombed anywhere in the world.” It also remains “one of the deadliest incidents of terrorism in Los Angeles history,” leaving three dead and 35 injured. A group called “Aliens of America” took credit for the attack, which generated a host of copycat threats as well as explosions that were misattributed to that group. Since this was also during the period when the Symbionese Liberation Army was wreaking havoc, dominating headlines and law enforcement efforts, there was some confusion over who was doing what and influencing whom. The author makes a strong case that the bombing offered more to fear than the SLA, which was more specific in its targets, and also that the SLA’s media strategy influenced that of Aliens of America. There was, in fact, no such group, just Muharem Kurbegovic, a bright and creative and unbalanced immigrant from Yugoslavia, who had found his ambitions thwarted by an arrest for “lewd conduct.” Though he was acquitted on the charge, it prevented him from receiving a commercial license for a business, kept him unemployed for a year, and put his citizenship application on hold. So he schemed to take spectacular revenge, setting fire to the houses of a judge and then two of the police officials involved in the case and then bombing the airport (the “a” in the alphabet murders he planned to commit). The matter-of-fact account of the clues he left and the difficulties in prosecuting him—was he sane enough to stand trial?—has plenty of ramifications for threats faced today.

A historical account of a unique form of terrorism that offers lessons for today.

Pub Date: March 1, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61234-996-1

Page Count: 288

Publisher: Potomac Books

Review Posted Online: Dec. 17, 2018

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2019

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Not an easy read but an essential one.

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Title notwithstanding, this latest from the National Book Award–winning author is no guidebook to getting woke.

In fact, the word “woke” appears nowhere within its pages. Rather, it is a combination memoir and extension of Atlantic columnist Kendi’s towering Stamped From the Beginning (2016) that leads readers through a taxonomy of racist thought to anti-racist action. Never wavering from the thesis introduced in his previous book, that “racism is a powerful collection of racist policies that lead to racial inequity and are substantiated by racist ideas,” the author posits a seemingly simple binary: “Antiracism is a powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are substantiated by antiracist ideas.” The author, founding director of American University’s Antiracist Research and Policy Center, chronicles how he grew from a childhood steeped in black liberation Christianity to his doctoral studies, identifying and dispelling the layers of racist thought under which he had operated. “Internalized racism,” he writes, “is the real Black on Black Crime.” Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth, all the way to the intersectional constructs of gender racism and queer racism (the only section of the book that feels rushed). Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). The author then reframes those received ideas with inexorable logic: “Either racist policy or Black inferiority explains why White people are wealthier, healthier, and more powerful than Black people today.” If Kendi is justifiably hard on America, he’s just as hard on himself. When he began college, “anti-Black racist ideas covered my freshman eyes like my orange contacts.” This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory.

Not an easy read but an essential one.

Pub Date: Aug. 13, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-50928-8

Page Count: 320

Publisher: One World/Random House

Review Posted Online: April 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2019

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For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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