A broad encapsulation of a significant sociological study that will likely overwhelm general readers but should interest...



A serious study of the causes of campus sexual assaults along with proposals for tackling this very real problem.

Hirsch (Sociomedical Sciences/Columbia Univ.; A Courtship After Marriage: Sexuality and Love in Mexican Transnational Families, 2003, etc.) and Khan (Chair, Sociology/Columbia Univ.; Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School, 2011, etc.) draw on the findings of the Sexual Health Initiative to Foster Transformation, a five-year research project of which Hirsch is co-director and chief investigator. In their academic analysis, these two scholars use a wide variety of specialized terminology, including “sexual projects,” “sexual citizenship,” and “sexual geographies,” concepts they explain at some length in the introduction. In a nutshell, the first concerns the reasons a person might seek sexual experiences, “citizenship” refers to a sense of right to sexual agency, and “geographies” to the social power of environments. As well as examining the causes of sexual assaults, the authors present numerous portraits of campus sexual experiences, consensual and nonconsensual, among Columbia undergraduates. These portraits are based on SHIFT’s extensive interviews with students, focus groups, and hours of observations, and they often include lengthy excerpts of the student’s remarks. In the concluding chapter, the authors offer ideas about improving sex education and creating campuses that support social cohesion and address issues of power, inequality, and mental health. They also advocate taxing the pornography and liquor industries in order to support funding for sex education, and they explore the economic consequences of assault. “If preventing sexual assault’s emotional and social harms is insufficient to justify more attention to prevention,” they write, “we can also point to sexual assault’s vast economic impact”—in 2017, experts estimated “the economic cost of rape” at more than $3 trillion. The authors assert that their intended readership is parents and young people heading off to college, but their presentation of SHIFT’s findings and their discussion of methodologies seem more appropriate for an academic journal.

A broad encapsulation of a significant sociological study that will likely overwhelm general readers but should interest fellow scholars.

Pub Date: Jan. 14, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-324-00170-6

Page Count: 448

Publisher: Norton

Review Posted Online: Oct. 7, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Nov. 1, 2019

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A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular...

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A neurosurgeon with a passion for literature tragically finds his perfect subject after his diagnosis of terminal lung cancer.

Writing isn’t brain surgery, but it’s rare when someone adept at the latter is also so accomplished at the former. Searching for meaning and purpose in his life, Kalanithi pursued a doctorate in literature and had felt certain that he wouldn’t enter the field of medicine, in which his father and other members of his family excelled. “But I couldn’t let go of the question,” he writes, after realizing that his goals “didn’t quite fit in an English department.” “Where did biology, morality, literature and philosophy intersect?” So he decided to set aside his doctoral dissertation and belatedly prepare for medical school, which “would allow me a chance to find answers that are not in books, to find a different sort of sublime, to forge relationships with the suffering, and to keep following the question of what makes human life meaningful, even in the face of death and decay.” The author’s empathy undoubtedly made him an exceptional doctor, and the precision of his prose—as well as the moral purpose underscoring it—suggests that he could have written a good book on any subject he chose. Part of what makes this book so essential is the fact that it was written under a death sentence following the diagnosis that upended his life, just as he was preparing to end his residency and attract offers at the top of his profession. Kalanithi learned he might have 10 years to live or perhaps five. Should he return to neurosurgery (he could and did), or should he write (he also did)? Should he and his wife have a baby? They did, eight months before he died, which was less than two years after the original diagnosis. “The fact of death is unsettling,” he understates. “Yet there is no other way to live.”

A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular clarity.

Pub Date: Jan. 19, 2016

ISBN: 978-0-8129-8840-6

Page Count: 248

Publisher: Random House

Review Posted Online: Sept. 30, 2015

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 15, 2015

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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.


“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 29, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

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