Considering that there’s no lack of homegrown fascists to worry about, this wacky book is the equivalent of a Chicken Little...

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THE RISE OF THE FOURTH REICH

THE SECRET SOCIETIES THAT THREATEN TO TAKE OVER AMERICA

Nazis killed Kennedy! Nazis control Wall Street! Nazis are fluoridating the water supply! Nazis are overhead, zooming across the sky in UFOs!

One used to read such things in a couple of sources back in the day: John Birch Society pamphlets and the Illuminatus! trilogy fringe of the sci-fi set. We suppose those authors were serious, if perhaps out of their minds. Certainly Marrs—whose 1989 book Crossfire was the basis of the Oliver Stone conspiracy-fest movie JFK—seems to be serious, even though he eases off on the pedal, as if a touch embarrassed, when his charges get too weird. Thus, after excitedly postulating that Hitler escaped the bunker in 1945, Marrs (Rule By Secrecy: The Hidden History That Connects the Trilateral Commission, the Freemasons and the Great Pyramids, 2000, etc.) clears his throat to say that Hitler’s fate “is immaterial, a moot point. What is certain is that Hitler’s legacy—National Socialism—lives on.” True, in little backwater towns in Pomerania and Alabama where subpar proletarians fear not being part of the master race. But at Yale? According to the author, yes. Skull and Bones, proud fraternity of Bush and Kerry, is “merely the Illuminati in disguise,” and one of its songs is to the tune of Deutschland Über Alles (“The Germany Song”). Given that Skull and Bones and the Mormons populate the ranks of the CIA, well, small wonder that JFK got popped. He knew too much, you see, about time-traveling Nazis—oh, yes, the German scientists whom we brought over after World War II had some very sophisticated physics at their service, and they all went to work for Lockheed, Martin Marietta and other defense contractors “when many American engineers in the aircraft industry were being laid off.” (Duh! The Americans didn’t know how to time travel.) And as for the Cold War space race? The Nazis were in charge on both sides of the Iron Curtain. But wouldn’t that imply that the Soviet and American governments were one and the same?

Considering that there’s no lack of homegrown fascists to worry about, this wacky book is the equivalent of a Chicken Little story. Caveat lector.

Pub Date: July 1, 2008

ISBN: 978-0-06-124558-9

Page Count: 432

Publisher: Morrow/HarperCollins

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: June 1, 2008

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Not an easy read but an essential one.

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HOW TO BE AN ANTIRACIST

Title notwithstanding, this latest from the National Book Award–winning author is no guidebook to getting woke.

In fact, the word “woke” appears nowhere within its pages. Rather, it is a combination memoir and extension of Atlantic columnist Kendi’s towering Stamped From the Beginning (2016) that leads readers through a taxonomy of racist thought to anti-racist action. Never wavering from the thesis introduced in his previous book, that “racism is a powerful collection of racist policies that lead to racial inequity and are substantiated by racist ideas,” the author posits a seemingly simple binary: “Antiracism is a powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are substantiated by antiracist ideas.” The author, founding director of American University’s Antiracist Research and Policy Center, chronicles how he grew from a childhood steeped in black liberation Christianity to his doctoral studies, identifying and dispelling the layers of racist thought under which he had operated. “Internalized racism,” he writes, “is the real Black on Black Crime.” Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth, all the way to the intersectional constructs of gender racism and queer racism (the only section of the book that feels rushed). Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). The author then reframes those received ideas with inexorable logic: “Either racist policy or Black inferiority explains why White people are wealthier, healthier, and more powerful than Black people today.” If Kendi is justifiably hard on America, he’s just as hard on himself. When he began college, “anti-Black racist ideas covered my freshman eyes like my orange contacts.” This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory.

Not an easy read but an essential one.

Pub Date: Aug. 13, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-50928-8

Page Count: 320

Publisher: One World/Random House

Review Posted Online: April 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2019

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A PEOPLE'S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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