A wide-ranging, accessible look at AI–related changes that are coming for virtually every profession in the 21st century.

THE FUTURE OF LEADERSHIP IN THE AGE OF AI

PREPARING YOUR LEADERSHIP SKILLS FOR THE AI-SHAPED FUTURE OF WORK

In their debut nonfiction collaboration, Marin and Luka Ivezic, father and son, address the wide range of possibilities and challenges represented by AI.

The authors cite the inroads that AI has made into all aspects of modern life, from the world of investment to the practice of medicine to more mundane things, like everyday finance or automation (self-driving cars, planes that fly and land themselves). They contend that only businesses that have adapted and trained for the inevitable incorporation of AI will survive and thrive. Most likely, there will be no meaningful exceptions: “Even ‘knowledge workers’—engineers, physicians, scientists, lawyers and any other workers who, as business process consultant Thomas Davenport aptly puts it, basically ‘think for a living’—face the likelihood that parts of their current jobs will be automated by AI.” Any reader who’s required in-depth medical diagnostics in the last few years will be able to attest—perhaps uncomfortably—to how extensively this is already true, and likewise, anyone who’s dabbled in investing will know how much of the industry is now conducted by machines. But although the authors here are thorough in their extrapolations of what’s coming, they also seek to reassure their readers. “Are we then headed into a Dark Age where humans will be rendered obsolete?” they ask. “Again, the answer is a resounding, ‘No!’ AI and the other emerging technologies are not a step into a world that says, ‘No humans needed.’ ” The Ivezics expertly articulate the various complex ways AI can mesh with human entrepreneurship, pointing out that human intuition can counterbalance and enhance machine speed and precision specifically because it’s nonquantifiable.

A wide-ranging, accessible look at AI–related changes that are coming for virtually every profession in the 21st century.

Pub Date: April 4, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-73274-970-2

Page Count: 257

Publisher: Self

Review Posted Online: May 22, 2020

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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

GOOD ECONOMICS FOR HARD TIMES

“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 29, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

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A quirky wonder of a book.

WHY FISH DON'T EXIST

A STORY OF LOSS, LOVE, AND THE HIDDEN ORDER OF LIFE

A Peabody Award–winning NPR science reporter chronicles the life of a turn-of-the-century scientist and how her quest led to significant revelations about the meaning of order, chaos, and her own existence.

Miller began doing research on David Starr Jordan (1851-1931) to understand how he had managed to carry on after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake destroyed his work. A taxonomist who is credited with discovering “a full fifth of fish known to man in his day,” Jordan had amassed an unparalleled collection of ichthyological specimens. Gathering up all the fish he could save, Jordan sewed the nameplates that had been on the destroyed jars directly onto the fish. His perseverance intrigued the author, who also discusses the struggles she underwent after her affair with a woman ended a heterosexual relationship. Born into an upstate New York farm family, Jordan attended Cornell and then became an itinerant scholar and field researcher until he landed at Indiana University, where his first ichthyological collection was destroyed by lightning. In between this catastrophe and others involving family members’ deaths, he reconstructed his collection. Later, he was appointed as the founding president of Stanford, where he evolved into a Machiavellian figure who trampled on colleagues and sang the praises of eugenics. Miller concludes that Jordan displayed the characteristics of someone who relied on “positive illusions” to rebound from disaster and that his stand on eugenics came from a belief in “a divine hierarchy from bacteria to humans that point[ed]…toward better.” Considering recent research that negates biological hierarchies, the author then suggests that Jordan’s beloved taxonomic category—fish—does not exist. Part biography, part science report, and part meditation on how the chaos that caused Miller’s existential misery could also bring self-acceptance and a loving wife, this unique book is an ingenious celebration of diversity and the mysterious order that underlies all existence.

A quirky wonder of a book.

Pub Date: April 14, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-5011-6027-1

Page Count: 224

Publisher: Simon & Schuster

Review Posted Online: Jan. 2, 2020

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 1, 2020

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