A wide-ranging and learned work that celebrates the city as rich, engaged, tolerant, and alive.



Why more ethical and open cities represent the future of urban planning.

The acclaimed urbanist and sociologist Sennett (Urban Studies/London School of Economics, Harvard Univ.) completes his Homo faber, or “man the maker,” trilogy (The Craftsman, 2008, and Together: The Rituals, Pleasures, and Politics of Cooperation, 2012) with this exhaustively researched and illuminating inquiry that “seeks to connect how cities are built to how people live in them.” It’s also a window into one of the more brilliant and creative minds of our time. The author first establishes some groundwork for his investigation by setting forth the concepts of the ville, the overall city, and the cité, or a particular place. For example, the “traffic jams at the poorly designed tunnels” into New York City represents the ville, while the “rat race driving many New Yorkers to the tunnels at dawn” is the cité. Sennett expertly synthesizes vast amounts of information on urban design and other matters and explains them metaphorically. He looks at how urbanism, the “professional practice of city-making,” has evolved by examining three 19th-century makers: architect Ildefons Cerdà in Barcelona; Baron Haussmann, who remade Paris; and Frederick Law Olmsted, who tried to assert the “social value of nature in the city” by creating Central Park. Sennett finds each’s plan “insufficient to solve the problems it addressed.” The author next discusses the Jane Jacobs–Lewis Mumford debate and their differing versions of the open city. Sennett’s quest to understand what an open city could look like takes him around the world, from Venice and Nehru Place in Delhi to Shanghai and Googleplex’s “lair” in New York City. He learns something new from all of them. As a writer and thinker, Sennett is as comfortable discussing Balzac and Stendhal as he is plumbing the depths of theorists like Gaston Bachelard and Louis Althusser.

A wide-ranging and learned work that celebrates the city as rich, engaged, tolerant, and alive.

Pub Date: April 10, 2018

ISBN: 978-0-374-20033-6

Page Count: 352

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Review Posted Online: Jan. 22, 2018

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 1, 2018

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A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular...

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A neurosurgeon with a passion for literature tragically finds his perfect subject after his diagnosis of terminal lung cancer.

Writing isn’t brain surgery, but it’s rare when someone adept at the latter is also so accomplished at the former. Searching for meaning and purpose in his life, Kalanithi pursued a doctorate in literature and had felt certain that he wouldn’t enter the field of medicine, in which his father and other members of his family excelled. “But I couldn’t let go of the question,” he writes, after realizing that his goals “didn’t quite fit in an English department.” “Where did biology, morality, literature and philosophy intersect?” So he decided to set aside his doctoral dissertation and belatedly prepare for medical school, which “would allow me a chance to find answers that are not in books, to find a different sort of sublime, to forge relationships with the suffering, and to keep following the question of what makes human life meaningful, even in the face of death and decay.” The author’s empathy undoubtedly made him an exceptional doctor, and the precision of his prose—as well as the moral purpose underscoring it—suggests that he could have written a good book on any subject he chose. Part of what makes this book so essential is the fact that it was written under a death sentence following the diagnosis that upended his life, just as he was preparing to end his residency and attract offers at the top of his profession. Kalanithi learned he might have 10 years to live or perhaps five. Should he return to neurosurgery (he could and did), or should he write (he also did)? Should he and his wife have a baby? They did, eight months before he died, which was less than two years after the original diagnosis. “The fact of death is unsettling,” he understates. “Yet there is no other way to live.”

A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular clarity.

Pub Date: Jan. 19, 2016

ISBN: 978-0-8129-8840-6

Page Count: 248

Publisher: Random House

Review Posted Online: Sept. 29, 2015

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 15, 2015

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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.


“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

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