A provocative analysis of Asian affairs and world politics.

THE NEW CHINESE EMPIRE

BEIJING’S COMING CONFRONTATION WITH AN EMERGING CHINA

China is “a civilization pretending to be a nation”—or, put another way: several nations bound by an anachronistic empire in which “Red Emperors” clash with wired hipsters for control of the future.

So writes the widely published China hand Terrill (Fairbank Center for East Asian Research/Harvard; China in Our Time, 1992, etc.), who agrees with fellow historian Gerald Segal that “China is a second-rank middle power,” far from the Asian leviathan of realpolitiker theory. Yet China has aggressively expanded its frontiers in the last 60 years, swallowing up portions of Central Asia and Tibet and seeking to increase its influence internationally, especially by recruiting that largely imaginary class of citizens called “Overseas Chinese.” Since the death of the “neo-emperor” Mao Zedong, the Chinese state has been following two contradictory paths, “hurtling down one road in economics and limping down a different road in politics”; despite misbegotten efforts to do so, the central authority has failed to keep pace with advances in Chinese society at large, putting Beijing at odds with the rest of the nation, even as the rest of the nation makes polite requests of its leadership to loosen its grip on daily life. (Even the most radical of the Tiananmen Square protestors, Terrill writes, sought only a dialogue with “the Communist party-state.”) All its weaknesses allowed for, though, China still offers a threat to America, especially because it seeks to displace the US as the chief economic force in Asia and “expects a showdown with America (unless Americans accept illusion as truth, and lie down and roll over).” Or, perhaps, unless liberal reformist forces guide China to a responsible role as a true nation, not an empire, that will serve as “a constructive partner” rather than “an emerging threat.”

A provocative analysis of Asian affairs and world politics.

Pub Date: April 2, 2003

ISBN: 0-465-08412-5

Page Count: 416

Publisher: Basic

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 15, 2003

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A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular...

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WHEN BREATH BECOMES AIR

A neurosurgeon with a passion for literature tragically finds his perfect subject after his diagnosis of terminal lung cancer.

Writing isn’t brain surgery, but it’s rare when someone adept at the latter is also so accomplished at the former. Searching for meaning and purpose in his life, Kalanithi pursued a doctorate in literature and had felt certain that he wouldn’t enter the field of medicine, in which his father and other members of his family excelled. “But I couldn’t let go of the question,” he writes, after realizing that his goals “didn’t quite fit in an English department.” “Where did biology, morality, literature and philosophy intersect?” So he decided to set aside his doctoral dissertation and belatedly prepare for medical school, which “would allow me a chance to find answers that are not in books, to find a different sort of sublime, to forge relationships with the suffering, and to keep following the question of what makes human life meaningful, even in the face of death and decay.” The author’s empathy undoubtedly made him an exceptional doctor, and the precision of his prose—as well as the moral purpose underscoring it—suggests that he could have written a good book on any subject he chose. Part of what makes this book so essential is the fact that it was written under a death sentence following the diagnosis that upended his life, just as he was preparing to end his residency and attract offers at the top of his profession. Kalanithi learned he might have 10 years to live or perhaps five. Should he return to neurosurgery (he could and did), or should he write (he also did)? Should he and his wife have a baby? They did, eight months before he died, which was less than two years after the original diagnosis. “The fact of death is unsettling,” he understates. “Yet there is no other way to live.”

A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular clarity.

Pub Date: Jan. 19, 2016

ISBN: 978-0-8129-8840-6

Page Count: 248

Publisher: Random House

Review Posted Online: Sept. 30, 2015

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 15, 2015

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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

GOOD ECONOMICS FOR HARD TIMES

“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 29, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

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