Sure to elicit controversy, this is a worthwhile addition to a volatile, necessary discussion.



Startling insider’s account of how the firearms industry struck a Faustian bargain with extremism for profit.

With some anguish but also precision and wit, Busse fuses business history with memoir in this unsparing examination of American gun culture’s devolution. “I am responsible for selling millions of guns…[yet] I detested everything about the Trump-driven boom, which meant that my entire livelihood was a contradiction,” he writes. The author is aware of how the role of firearms in society has mutated, starting with its importance to rural life, central to his childhood on a Kansas ranch. The scrappy camaraderie of the industry seemed appealing when he joined Kimber, a struggling company focused on high-end pistols, but his enthusiasm waned as the industry embraced the AR-15 rifle and post–9/11 conspiracy theories (alongside rising sales). Busse emphasizes how legal and social codes regarding gun ownership have eroded in the era of mass shootings and open carry aggressiveness. This process accelerated in the 1990s in response to the Brady Bill, assault weapons ban, and market fluctuations, which showed gun executives that weapons sales could be amplified in response to politics. Busse positions the National Rifle Association as central to this, developing their now-familiar political strategy of ideological purity, while “no industry professional wanted to believe that the main driver of our business was anything but genius.” He terms the gradual result “a powerful political machine radicalizing our nation.” For years, the author was a lonely voice in a tightknit industry: “I thought I could keep the industry from changing, and then I spent years fighting to hold a battle line within it.” Busse portrays his years in the industry lucidly, and his anger regarding its wrong turns and destructive influence seems genuine. “Our country had arrived at the point where military guns were the symbols of an entire political movement,” he writes.

Sure to elicit controversy, this is a worthwhile addition to a volatile, necessary discussion.

Pub Date: Oct. 19, 2021

ISBN: 978-1-5417-6873-4

Page Count: 352

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Oct. 13, 2021

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Nov. 1, 2021

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A scattershot exercise in preaching to the choir.


A British journalist fulminates against Black Lives Matter, critical race theory, and other threats to White privilege.

“There is an assault going on against everything to do with the Western world—its past, present, and future.” So writes Spectator associate editor Murray, whose previous books have sounded warnings against the presumed dangers of Islam and of non-Western immigration to the West. As the author argues, Westerners are supposed to take in refugees from Africa, Asia, and Latin America while being “expected to abolish themselves.” Murray soon arrives at a crux: “Historically the citizens of Europe and their offspring societies in the Americas and Australasia have been white,” he writes, while the present is bringing all sorts of people who aren’t White into the social contract. The author also takes on the well-worn subject of campus “wokeness,” a topic of considerable discussion by professors who question whether things have gone a bit too far; indeed, the campus is the locus for much of the anti-Western sentiment that Murray condemns. The author’s arguments against reparations for past damages inflicted by institutionalized slavery are particularly glib. “It comes down to people who look like the people to whom a wrong was done in history receiving money from people who look like the people who may have done the wrong,” he writes. “It is hard to imagine anything more likely to rip apart a society than attempting a wealth transfer based on this principle.” Murray does attempt to negotiate some divides reasonably, arguing against “exclusionary lines” and for Henry Louis Gates Jr.’s call for a more vigorous and welcoming civil culture. Too often, however, the author falters, as when he derides Gen. Mark Milley for saying, “I want to understand white rage. And I’m white”—perhaps forgetting the climacteric White rage that Milley monitored on January 6, 2021.

A scattershot exercise in preaching to the choir.

Pub Date: April 26, 2022

ISBN: 978-0-06-316202-0

Page Count: 320

Publisher: Broadside Books/HarperCollins

Review Posted Online: May 5, 2022

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A deceptively slender but rich argument in favor of conserving liberal ideals—and liberal government.


The renowned political scientist and philosopher considers classical liberalism and the broad range of enemies arrayed against it.

“By ‘liberalism,’ ” writes Fukuyama, “I refer to the doctrine…that argued for the limitation of the powers of governments through law and ultimately constitutions, creating institutions protecting the rights of individuals living under their jurisdiction.” Born of events such as the English civil war and the Enlightenment, this liberalism also encouraged diversity of thought, religion, and ethnicity, placing it squarely in the crosshairs of today’s authoritarian nationalists, not least Donald Trump. Fukuyama has often been identified with conservative causes, but his thinking here is democratic to the core, and he has no use for such pathetic lies as Trump’s insistence that the 2020 election was stolen. That said, the author notes that liberalism has many enemies on both the left and the right for numerous real yet correctable failings. The neoliberalism that has emerged over the past couple of generations has accelerated inequality, and numerous institutions have been eroded while others, such as the Electoral College, have been revealed to be anti-democratic. Both left and right, the author argues, have trouble accepting that governing over diversity, the hallmark of liberalism, means governing over many ethnic and national groups, strata of income, and competing interests. He adds, however, “Left-of-center voters…remain much more diverse” in political outlook. Essential to a liberal society, Fukuyama insists, is the right to vote: “Voting rights are fundamental rights that need to be defended by the power of the national government.” While he insists that individual rights take precedence over group rights, he also observes that the social contract demands citizen participation. To the conservative charge that the social contract is one thing but the “common moral horizon” another, he answers that yes, liberalism does not insist on a single morality—which “is indeed a feature and not a bug.”

A deceptively slender but rich argument in favor of conserving liberal ideals—and liberal government.

Pub Date: May 10, 2022

ISBN: 978-0-374-60671-8

Page Count: 192

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Review Posted Online: Feb. 9, 2022

Kirkus Reviews Issue: March 1, 2022

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