by Sophie Lewis ‧ RELEASE DATE: May 7, 2019
Intellectually demanding and irresistibly agitational, Lewis’ compact debut may very well convince readers to “[seize] the...
An incisive polemic on the surrogacy industry and the feminist movement to ban it.
Philadelphia-based translator, geographer, and queer feminist Lewis persuasively calls for “more surrogacy,” “more mutual aid,” and an “open-source, fully collaborative gestation.” Through an unapologetically queer, anti-capitalist lens, the author investigates the landscape of commercial surrogacy, a “reproductive meritocracy” where wealthy people are empowered to use reproductive technology that is materially and moralistically off-limits to others. The industry’s well-documented abuses, as well as the race and class dynamics that animate them, make it easy to anticipate feminist protest. Sadly, writes Lewis, “the surrogacy-critical among us must be almost as wary of the forces ranged against commercial surrogacy as we are wary of those profiting from it.” The author is both sardonic and perceptive in her deconstruction of anti-surrogacy feminism’s paternalistic, colonial, and transphobic logic. Noting profound connections to the “sex worker-exclusionary feminism” that clamors for rescue over rights, Lewis argues that “carceral solutions to the ‘problem’ of informal economies” ultimately obscure a more important question: “why is it assumed that one should be more against surrogacy than against other risky jobs”? If exploitation is the issue, how is work under capitalism itself implicated? The author’s proposal is as philosophical as it is pragmatic: Rather than surrogacy as we know it, we need a full surrogacy that “counteract[s] the exclusivity and supremacy of ‘biological’ parents in children’s lives” and uplifts the ingenuity of “polyparental abundance.” Lewis, an affluent white woman who has “never gestated nor worked as a surrogate,” takes care to acknowledge numerous black, native, and queer theorists/activists whose intellectual and revolutionary labor deeply informs her work. Some readers may balk at the author’s wry tone and breakneck pacing, but this explosive treatise is well worth the effort.Intellectually demanding and irresistibly agitational, Lewis’ compact debut may very well convince readers to “[seize] the means of reproduction” alongside her.
Pub Date: May 7, 2019
Page Count: 240
Review Posted Online: March 2, 2019
Kirkus Reviews Issue: March 15, 2019
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More by Claire Lebourg
by Paul Kalanithi ‧ RELEASE DATE: Jan. 19, 2016
A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular...
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Best Books Of 2016
New York Times Bestseller
Pulitzer Prize Finalist
A neurosurgeon with a passion for literature tragically finds his perfect subject after his diagnosis of terminal lung cancer.
Writing isn’t brain surgery, but it’s rare when someone adept at the latter is also so accomplished at the former. Searching for meaning and purpose in his life, Kalanithi pursued a doctorate in literature and had felt certain that he wouldn’t enter the field of medicine, in which his father and other members of his family excelled. “But I couldn’t let go of the question,” he writes, after realizing that his goals “didn’t quite fit in an English department.” “Where did biology, morality, literature and philosophy intersect?” So he decided to set aside his doctoral dissertation and belatedly prepare for medical school, which “would allow me a chance to find answers that are not in books, to find a different sort of sublime, to forge relationships with the suffering, and to keep following the question of what makes human life meaningful, even in the face of death and decay.” The author’s empathy undoubtedly made him an exceptional doctor, and the precision of his prose—as well as the moral purpose underscoring it—suggests that he could have written a good book on any subject he chose. Part of what makes this book so essential is the fact that it was written under a death sentence following the diagnosis that upended his life, just as he was preparing to end his residency and attract offers at the top of his profession. Kalanithi learned he might have 10 years to live or perhaps five. Should he return to neurosurgery (he could and did), or should he write (he also did)? Should he and his wife have a baby? They did, eight months before he died, which was less than two years after the original diagnosis. “The fact of death is unsettling,” he understates. “Yet there is no other way to live.”A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular clarity.
Pub Date: Jan. 19, 2016
Page Count: 248
Publisher: Random House
Review Posted Online: Sept. 29, 2015
Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 15, 2015
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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.
“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.
It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.
Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019
Page Count: 432
Review Posted Online: Aug. 28, 2019
Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019
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