As indeed, anyone reading Hutton’s useful, sobering study is likely to conclude: we do.

A DECLARATION OF INTERDEPENDENCE

WHY AMERICA SHOULD JOIN THE WORLD

Who’s more dangerous to world peace: Saddam or a golf-playing, pension fund–robbing, churchgoing Republican?

It’s a close tie by London Observer columnist Hutton’s account. American neoconservatism, he repeatedly warns throughout this thoughtful survey of US-European relations—originally published for a British audience, but perfectly accessible on this side of the pond—is a dangerous force, not only for the larger world but also for the US, which neoconservatism is threatening to bankrupt both financially and morally, destroying the once great promise of social mobility and equal opportunity for all in the name of “self-interested callousness masquerading as morality and economic efficiency.” Exponents such as George W. Bush are famous believers in American exceptionalism, of course, but, Hutton suggests, they no longer have any reason to crow that America is the greatest country on earth; plenty of European Union members have stronger economies in real terms (rather than pull out profits at every turn, Hutton writes, “Europeans have chosen to invest heavily in order to work shorter weeks, have longer vacations, and still produce the same as, if not more than, Americans”), and most corners of Europe honor the same rights and values as did our formerly democratic nation. American superiority in such matters, Hutton concludes, is nothing but a myth. Moreover, he insists, the determination of the current president to go it alone damages what little credibility the US has left in international circles—a disservice to both the American nation and the world. Still, Hutton argues, Bush and cronies are not the real America; the majority, at least the majority who voted for Gore and Nader in the last election, “show an almost European readiness to spend extra on education, health, and social security” and are disinclined to force a self-serving moral agenda on the rest of the world—which, Hutton argues, “has been lucky over the twentieth century that at key junctures the politicians running the United States, and the dominant discourse, have been liberal. We need them back.”

As indeed, anyone reading Hutton’s useful, sobering study is likely to conclude: we do.

Pub Date: May 1, 2003

ISBN: 0-393-05725-9

Page Count: 416

Publisher: Norton

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 1, 2003

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Not an easy read but an essential one.

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HOW TO BE AN ANTIRACIST

Title notwithstanding, this latest from the National Book Award–winning author is no guidebook to getting woke.

In fact, the word “woke” appears nowhere within its pages. Rather, it is a combination memoir and extension of Atlantic columnist Kendi’s towering Stamped From the Beginning (2016) that leads readers through a taxonomy of racist thought to anti-racist action. Never wavering from the thesis introduced in his previous book, that “racism is a powerful collection of racist policies that lead to racial inequity and are substantiated by racist ideas,” the author posits a seemingly simple binary: “Antiracism is a powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are substantiated by antiracist ideas.” The author, founding director of American University’s Antiracist Research and Policy Center, chronicles how he grew from a childhood steeped in black liberation Christianity to his doctoral studies, identifying and dispelling the layers of racist thought under which he had operated. “Internalized racism,” he writes, “is the real Black on Black Crime.” Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth, all the way to the intersectional constructs of gender racism and queer racism (the only section of the book that feels rushed). Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). The author then reframes those received ideas with inexorable logic: “Either racist policy or Black inferiority explains why White people are wealthier, healthier, and more powerful than Black people today.” If Kendi is justifiably hard on America, he’s just as hard on himself. When he began college, “anti-Black racist ideas covered my freshman eyes like my orange contacts.” This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory.

Not an easy read but an essential one.

Pub Date: Aug. 13, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-50928-8

Page Count: 320

Publisher: One World/Random House

Review Posted Online: April 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2019

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A clear and candid contribution to an essential conversation.

SO YOU WANT TO TALK ABOUT RACE

Straight talk to blacks and whites about the realities of racism.

In her feisty debut book, Oluo, essayist, blogger, and editor at large at the Establishment magazine, writes from the perspective of a black, queer, middle-class, college-educated woman living in a “white supremacist country.” The daughter of a white single mother, brought up in largely white Seattle, she sees race as “one of the most defining forces” in her life. Throughout the book, Oluo responds to questions that she has often been asked, and others that she wishes were asked, about racism “in our workplace, our government, our homes, and ourselves.” “Is it really about race?” she is asked by whites who insist that class is a greater source of oppression. “Is police brutality really about race?” “What is cultural appropriation?” and “What is the model minority myth?” Her sharp, no-nonsense answers include talking points for both blacks and whites. She explains, for example, “when somebody asks you to ‘check your privilege’ they are asking you to pause and consider how the advantages you’ve had in life are contributing to your opinions and actions, and how the lack of disadvantages in certain areas is keeping you from fully understanding the struggles others are facing.” She unpacks the complicated term “intersectionality”: the idea that social justice must consider “a myriad of identities—our gender, class, race, sexuality, and so much more—that inform our experiences in life.” She asks whites to realize that when people of color talk about systemic racism, “they are opening up all of that pain and fear and anger to you” and are asking that they be heard. After devoting most of the book to talking, Oluo finishes with a chapter on action and its urgency. Action includes pressing for reform in schools, unions, and local governments; boycotting businesses that exploit people of color; contributing money to social justice organizations; and, most of all, voting for candidates who make “diversity, inclusion and racial justice a priority.”

A clear and candid contribution to an essential conversation.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2018

ISBN: 978-1-58005-677-9

Page Count: 256

Publisher: Seal Press

Review Posted Online: Oct. 9, 2017

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Nov. 1, 2017

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