An engaging and informative account of the special bond between people and canines.

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UNDENIABLE SOLIDARITY

HOW DOGS AND HUMANS DOMESTICATED ONE ANOTHER

A former university research professor argues that humans’ ancient relationship with dogs makes them the perfect therapy animals.

Despite the incredulity of his colleagues, Dr. Boris Levinson pioneered the use of canines as therapy animals back in the 1950s by bringing his pet dog, Jingles, to his practice to make his child patients feel more comfortable. As it turns out, Sigmund Freud had earlier seen similar results with patients and his own dog, Jofi, though his findings were not made public until years after his death. What makes canines such effective therapy animals? As Hagner (Career Advancement, 2002, etc.) writes in his preface, humans’ history with dogs is “so long, in fact, that our two species have undergone biological changes over the millennia as we adapted to one another. The secure feeling we get when man’s best friend is near us is by now hard-wired into our biology.” In this book, the author traces the history of this alliance with dogs, which began when the first friendly wolves entered into a symbiotic relationship with humans over 36,000 years ago, guarding sleeping people in exchange for food. Hagner credits this security innovation—and the increased sleep it afforded—for the explosion of new technologies that occurred during the late Paleolithic era, which began 35,000 to 40,000 years ago. From domestication to sensory interaction to the place of dogs in world mythologies and their uses across cultures, the author shows how this unique pact developed, placing an emphasis on how canines shaped humans. Hagner writes for the layperson, clearly elucidating a number of complex areas, including anthropology, psychology, and human biology: “The genes that control digestion in dogs have adapted to digest the foods humans enjoy better than the diet of wolves. This is part of the reason why what are called feral dogs today primarily eat scavenged human food.” The author is an unabashed dog lover, which sometimes shines through in his preferences for discussing canines. His contentions are generally quite convincing, and those who already attribute great importance to dogs should be happy to be armed with these arguments as to their role in the development of civilization.

An engaging and informative account of the special bond between people and canines.

Pub Date: Oct. 18, 2018

ISBN: 978-1-5462-5637-3

Page Count: 198

Publisher: AuthorHouse

Review Posted Online: Feb. 22, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 15, 2019

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Stricter than, say, Bergen Evans or W3 ("disinterested" means impartial — period), Strunk is in the last analysis...

THE ELEMENTS OF STYLE

50TH ANNIVERSARY EDITION

Privately published by Strunk of Cornell in 1918 and revised by his student E. B. White in 1959, that "little book" is back again with more White updatings.

Stricter than, say, Bergen Evans or W3 ("disinterested" means impartial — period), Strunk is in the last analysis (whoops — "A bankrupt expression") a unique guide (which means "without like or equal").

Pub Date: May 15, 1972

ISBN: 0205632645

Page Count: 105

Publisher: Macmillan

Review Posted Online: Oct. 28, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 1, 1972

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Analyzing his craft, a careful craftsman urges with Thoreauvian conviction that writers should simplify, simplify, simplify.

SEVERAL SHORT SENTENCES ABOUT WRITING

New York Times columnist and editorial board member delivers a slim book for aspiring writers, offering saws and sense, wisdom and waggery, biases and biting sarcasm.

Klinkenborg (Timothy; or, Notes of an Abject Reptile, 2006), who’s taught for decades, endeavors to keep things simple in his prose, and he urges other writers to do the same. (Note: He despises abuses of the word as, as he continually reminds readers.) In the early sections, the author ignores traditional paragraphing so that the text resembles a long free-verse poem. He urges readers to use short, clear sentences and to make sure each one is healthy before moving on; notes that it’s acceptable to start sentences with and and but; sees benefits in diagramming sentences; stresses that all writing is revision; periodically blasts the formulaic writing that many (most?) students learn in school; argues that knowing where you’re headed before you begin might be good for a vacation, but not for a piece of writing; and believes that writers must trust readers more, and trust themselves. Most of Klinkenborg’s advice is neither radical nor especially profound (“Turn to the poets. / Learn from them”), and the text suffers from a corrosive fallacy: that if his strategies work for him they will work for all. The final fifth of the text includes some passages from writers he admires (McPhee, Oates, Cheever) and some of his students’ awkward sentences, which he treats analytically but sometimes with a surprising sarcasm that veers near meanness. He includes examples of students’ dangling modifiers, malapropisms, errors of pronoun agreement, wordiness and other mistakes.

Analyzing his craft, a careful craftsman urges with Thoreauvian conviction that writers should simplify, simplify, simplify.

Pub Date: Aug. 7, 2012

ISBN: 978-0-307-26634-7

Page Count: 224

Publisher: Knopf

Review Posted Online: May 14, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: June 15, 2012

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