The best kind of history: rigorous and academically informed, but chock-full of lively anecdotes.

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SEIZE THE DAYLIGHT

THE CURIOUS AND CONTENTIOUS STORY OF DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME

The surprisingly fascinating history of daylight saving time.

Benjamin Franklin was the first person to dream up daylight saving. Awakened by a noise at six in the morning, he was startled to see how light it was and, being a penny-pincher, began immediately to calculate how much money people spent every year by sleeping through sunlight and burning candles at night. But the first real push for government-regulated daylight saving came at the beginning of the 20th century in England. The idea quickly caught on in America. Prerau, an engineer specializing in artificial intelligence, explains that many patriots thought daylight saving time, which would also save fuel, was crucial to winning WWI. Companies like Colgate found that when they started business an hour earlier in the summer, employees were more energetic. But not everyone was enthusiastic. Farmers opposed it, as did motion-picture makers, reasoning that movie attendance would drop if there were more daylight. In chapter seven, perhaps the most entertaining in this delightfully brisk narrative, the author explains that local option led to “clock confusion”: in Hopkinton, Iowa, banks closed at night on standard time, but opened each morning on daylight saving time, and, as a headline in the St. Paul Pioneer Press proclaimed in 1965, “Clocks In Minneapolis, St. Paul Will Conflict.” Finally, in 1966, Congress passed the Uniform Time Act, which ordained daylight saving time but allowed states to exempt themselves. Still, the topic of time remained one of periodic congressional review—to wit, the Emergency Daylight Saving Act during the 1973 oil embargo—and geopolitics being what it is, may yet arise again. Prerau enlivens his tale with a judicious selection of illustrations, including a cartoon from the Newark News of farmers and suburbanites “gumming up the clock” and wartime propaganda posters that proclaimed, “set the clock one hour ahead and win the war.”

The best kind of history: rigorous and academically informed, but chock-full of lively anecdotes.

Pub Date: April 3, 2005

ISBN: 1-56025-655-9

Page Count: 256

Publisher: N/A

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2005

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An authoritative, engaging study of plant life, accessible to younger readers as well as adults.

THE INCREDIBLE JOURNEY OF PLANTS

A neurobiologist reveals the interconnectedness of the natural world through stories of plant migration.

In this slim but well-packed book, Mancuso (Plant Science/Univ. of Florence; The Revolutionary Genius of Plants: A New Understanding of Plant Intelligence and Behavior, 2018, etc.) presents an illuminating and surprisingly lively study of plant life. He smoothly balances expansive historical exploration with recent scientific research through stories of how various plant species are capable of migrating to locations throughout the world by means of air, water, and even via animals. They often continue to thrive in spite of dire obstacles and environments. One example is the response of plants following the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Three decades later, the abandoned “Exclusion Zone” is now entirely covered by an enormous assortment of thriving plants. Mancuso also tracks the journeys of several species that might be regarded as invasive. “Why…do we insist on labeling as ‘invasive’ all those plants that, with great success, have managed to occupy new territories?” asks the author. “On a closer look, the invasive plants of today are the native flora of the future, just as the invasive species of the past are a fundamental part of our ecosystem today.” Throughout, Mancuso persuasively articulates why an understanding and appreciation of how nature is interconnected is vital to the future of our planet. “In nature everything is connected,” he writes. “This simple law that humans don’t seem to understand has a corollary: the extinction of a species, besides being a calamity in and of itself, has unforeseeable consequences for the system to which the species belongs.” The book is not without flaws. The loosely imagined watercolor renderings are vague and fail to effectively complement Mancuso’s richly descriptive prose or satisfy readers’ curiosity. Even without actual photos and maps, it would have been beneficial to readers to include more finely detailed plant and map renderings.

An authoritative, engaging study of plant life, accessible to younger readers as well as adults.

Pub Date: March 17, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-63542-991-6

Page Count: 176

Publisher: Other Press

Review Posted Online: Dec. 8, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 2020

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Loads of good explaining, with reminders, time and again, of how much remains unknown, neatly putting the death of science...

A SHORT HISTORY OF NEARLY EVERYTHING

Bryson (I'm a Stranger Here Myself, 1999, etc.), a man who knows how to track down an explanation and make it confess, asks the hard questions of science—e.g., how did things get to be the way they are?—and, when possible, provides answers.

As he once went about making English intelligible, Bryson now attempts the same with the great moments of science, both the ideas themselves and their genesis, to resounding success. Piqued by his own ignorance on these matters, he’s egged on even more so by the people who’ve figured out—or think they’ve figured out—such things as what is in the center of the Earth. So he goes exploring, in the library and in company with scientists at work today, to get a grip on a range of topics from subatomic particles to cosmology. The aim is to deliver reports on these subjects in terms anyone can understand, and for the most part, it works. The most difficult is the nonintuitive material—time as part of space, say, or proteins inventing themselves spontaneously, without direction—and the quantum leaps unusual minds have made: as J.B.S. Haldane once put it, “The universe is not only queerer than we suppose; it is queerer than we can suppose.” Mostly, though, Bryson renders clear the evolution of continental drift, atomic structure, singularity, the extinction of the dinosaur, and a mighty host of other subjects in self-contained chapters that can be taken at a bite, rather than read wholesale. He delivers the human-interest angle on the scientists, and he keeps the reader laughing and willing to forge ahead, even over their heads: the human body, for instance, harboring enough energy “to explode with the force of thirty very large hydrogen bombs, assuming you knew how to liberate it and really wished to make a point.”

Loads of good explaining, with reminders, time and again, of how much remains unknown, neatly putting the death of science into perspective.

Pub Date: May 6, 2003

ISBN: 0-7679-0817-1

Page Count: 304

Publisher: Broadway

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 1, 2003

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