Fine work on the ultimate hot topic.

READ REVIEW

A MATTER OF DEGREES

WHAT TEMPERATURE REVEALS ABOUT THE PAST AND FUTURE OF OUR SPECIES, PLANET, AND UNIVERSE

The National Science Foundation’s former director of theoretical physics aims to do for the subject of temperature what Elvis did for rock ’n’ roll.

And if Segrè (Astronomy and Physics/Univ. of Pennsylvania) falls short, it’s not by much, although the vast scope here calls for a sometimes stressful pace. The text covers literally everything from the Big Bang to the ultimate fate of our planet and its universe, all from the perspective of how temperature and its measurement have shaped society’s ideas and actions. It’s a museum visit, in effect, that moves briskly on whenever the tour guide is ready. When it does slow down, as in Segrè’s thorough take on why nearly all mammals and birds have an internal body temperature very close to our own 98.6 degrees, it’s rewarding. Unlike a number of his scientific brethren, the author writes clean, conversational prose, applying his sense of humor in good measure to balance the necessary effort readers must expend to follow advanced concepts in thermodynamics, astrophysics, quantum mechanics, and the like. For example, his discussion of the near absence of humidity (thus, almost no snowfall) at the South Pole reminds Segrè of a friend’s T-shirt emblazoned: “Ski the Antarctic, two inches of powder and a two-mile base.” Mathematics appears here and there when required, but carefully prefaced and posed for the lay reader. A particularly lucid section covers the greenhouse effect (tracing first use of the term to the work of French mathematician Fourier in the 1820s) and the stark fact of global warming. Segrè’s own prognosis: “We have little reason to be optimistic,” because the sociopolitical task that lies ahead is immense, and, well, carbon dioxide buildup in the atmosphere is simply one hell of a problem. In the meantime, the promise of superconductivity, as science reaches that last few billionths of a degree toward Absolute Zero, should at least bring cheaper air conditioning.

Fine work on the ultimate hot topic.

Pub Date: July 1, 2002

ISBN: 0-670-03101-1

Page Count: 296

Publisher: Viking

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 1, 2002

Did you like this book?

No Comments Yet

An authoritative, engaging study of plant life, accessible to younger readers as well as adults.

THE INCREDIBLE JOURNEY OF PLANTS

A neurobiologist reveals the interconnectedness of the natural world through stories of plant migration.

In this slim but well-packed book, Mancuso (Plant Science/Univ. of Florence; The Revolutionary Genius of Plants: A New Understanding of Plant Intelligence and Behavior, 2018, etc.) presents an illuminating and surprisingly lively study of plant life. He smoothly balances expansive historical exploration with recent scientific research through stories of how various plant species are capable of migrating to locations throughout the world by means of air, water, and even via animals. They often continue to thrive in spite of dire obstacles and environments. One example is the response of plants following the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Three decades later, the abandoned “Exclusion Zone” is now entirely covered by an enormous assortment of thriving plants. Mancuso also tracks the journeys of several species that might be regarded as invasive. “Why…do we insist on labeling as ‘invasive’ all those plants that, with great success, have managed to occupy new territories?” asks the author. “On a closer look, the invasive plants of today are the native flora of the future, just as the invasive species of the past are a fundamental part of our ecosystem today.” Throughout, Mancuso persuasively articulates why an understanding and appreciation of how nature is interconnected is vital to the future of our planet. “In nature everything is connected,” he writes. “This simple law that humans don’t seem to understand has a corollary: the extinction of a species, besides being a calamity in and of itself, has unforeseeable consequences for the system to which the species belongs.” The book is not without flaws. The loosely imagined watercolor renderings are vague and fail to effectively complement Mancuso’s richly descriptive prose or satisfy readers’ curiosity. Even without actual photos and maps, it would have been beneficial to readers to include more finely detailed plant and map renderings.

An authoritative, engaging study of plant life, accessible to younger readers as well as adults.

Pub Date: March 17, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-63542-991-6

Page Count: 176

Publisher: Other Press

Review Posted Online: Dec. 8, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 2020

Did you like this book?

No Comments Yet

Loads of good explaining, with reminders, time and again, of how much remains unknown, neatly putting the death of science...

A SHORT HISTORY OF NEARLY EVERYTHING

Bryson (I'm a Stranger Here Myself, 1999, etc.), a man who knows how to track down an explanation and make it confess, asks the hard questions of science—e.g., how did things get to be the way they are?—and, when possible, provides answers.

As he once went about making English intelligible, Bryson now attempts the same with the great moments of science, both the ideas themselves and their genesis, to resounding success. Piqued by his own ignorance on these matters, he’s egged on even more so by the people who’ve figured out—or think they’ve figured out—such things as what is in the center of the Earth. So he goes exploring, in the library and in company with scientists at work today, to get a grip on a range of topics from subatomic particles to cosmology. The aim is to deliver reports on these subjects in terms anyone can understand, and for the most part, it works. The most difficult is the nonintuitive material—time as part of space, say, or proteins inventing themselves spontaneously, without direction—and the quantum leaps unusual minds have made: as J.B.S. Haldane once put it, “The universe is not only queerer than we suppose; it is queerer than we can suppose.” Mostly, though, Bryson renders clear the evolution of continental drift, atomic structure, singularity, the extinction of the dinosaur, and a mighty host of other subjects in self-contained chapters that can be taken at a bite, rather than read wholesale. He delivers the human-interest angle on the scientists, and he keeps the reader laughing and willing to forge ahead, even over their heads: the human body, for instance, harboring enough energy “to explode with the force of thirty very large hydrogen bombs, assuming you knew how to liberate it and really wished to make a point.”

Loads of good explaining, with reminders, time and again, of how much remains unknown, neatly putting the death of science into perspective.

Pub Date: May 6, 2003

ISBN: 0-7679-0817-1

Page Count: 304

Publisher: Broadway

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 1, 2003

Did you like this book?

No Comments Yet
more